φίλος

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: φῖλος and -φιλος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of unknown origin. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰil- (decent, good, harmonious, friendly), related to Old English bile- (kind, suitable, appropriate, prefix), German billig (appropriate, fitting, inexpensive, cheap).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /pʰí.los/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈpʰi.los/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈɸi.los/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈfi.los/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈfi.los/
  • Adjective[edit]

    φῐ́λος (phílosm (feminine φῐ́λη, neuter φῐ́λον); first/second declension

    1. That which is loved or important: beloved, dear
    2. (less commonly): loving, friendly

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    φῐ́λος (phílosm (genitive φῐ́λου); second declension

    1. friend

    Declension[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek φίλος (phílos)

    Noun[edit]

    φίλος (fílosm (plural φίλοι, feminine φίλη)

    1. friend
    2. boyfriend
    3. acquaintance

    Declension[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    Adjective[edit]

    φίλος (fílosm (feminine φίλη, neuter φίλο)

    1. friendly
    2. dear
    3. beloved (obsolete, literary)

    Declension[edit]