дрянь

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in 1731. From дрань (dranʹ), from Proto-Slavic *dьranь, from *dьranъ, past passive participle of *dьrati (to tear, flay).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [drʲænʲ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

дрянь (drjanʹf inan, f anim (genitive дря́ни, nominative plural дря́ни, genitive plural дря́ней)

  1. (colloquial) rubbish, trash
    • 1929 – 1940, М. А. Булгаков, Мастер и Маргарита
      Пошёл я купа́ться на Москва́-ре́ку, ну и попя́тили мо́ю одёжу, а э́ту дрянь оста́вили!
      Pošól ja kupátʹsja na Moskvá-réku, nu i popjátili móju odjóžu, a étu drjanʹ ostávili!
      • 1979 translation by Richard Pevear, Larissa Volokhonsky
        I went for a swim in the Moscow River, so they filched my clothes and left me this trash!
  2. (figuratively, colloquial, animate) rotter, skunk, dirty dog

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “дрянь”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “дрянь”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 271
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1978), “*dьranь”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 05, Moscow: Nauka, page 217