բոց

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian բոց (bocʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

բոց (bocʿ)

  1. flames, blaze, fire
    բոց անել՝ բարձրացնելbocʿ anel, barjracʿnelto start a fire
    բոց արձակելbocʿ arjakel(intransitive) to burn (with fire)
    բոց գցել, բոց տալbocʿ gcʿel, bocʿ talto scorch (to burn lightly)
    բոց ու կրակ, կրակ ու բոցbocʿ u krak, krak u bocʿ1. on fire (fiery, passionate, ardent); 2. naughty, mischievous, rascally (of a child); 3. passionate, eager, zealous (of a worker)
  2. (figuratively) passion, ardor, fervor
  3. (slang) amusing thing, joke

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

բոց (bocʿ) (superlative ամենաբոց)

  1. hot, red-hot, burning
    բոց սպիտակbocʿ spitakwhiter than white, snow-white (very white)
  2. fiery, ardent, fervent
    բոց կարոտbocʿ karotdeep yearning
  3. (slang) rad, excellent

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Probably a substrate word related to Latin focus.[1] But Ačaṙyan derives from Proto-Indo-European *bʰo-sk-, from *bʰeh₂- (to shine).[2][3]

Noun[edit]

բոց (bocʿ)

  1. flame
    բոց արձակելbocʿ arjakelto flame
  2. (figuratively) energy, fire of love, spiritual light

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 191
  2. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 42–43
  3. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “բոց”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բոց”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “բոց”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy