թողում

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The root is թող- ‎(tʿoł-) and is same with the word թոյլ ‎(tʿoyl, weak); the original spelling of both is թոյղ ‎(tʿoył), of uncertain origin. The root թող- ‎(tʿoł-) is used independently as an adverb and preposition թող ‎(tʿoł) and in the phrases թող լիք լինել ‎(tʿoł likʿ linel, to be abandoned, outcast), բարձ եւ թող առնել ‎(barj ew tʿoł aṙnel, to abandon).

According to J̌ahukyan, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *telh₂-.

Verb[edit]

թողում ‎(tʿołum)  (aorist indicative թողի)

  1. to let, to permit, to allow
    չթողուլ‎ ― čʿtʿołul ― to refuse, to hinder, not to allow
    թողուլ առնել‎ ― tʿołul aṙnel ― to permit, to allow
  2. to abandon, to resign, to yield, to give up, to forsake, to cast off, to leave, to desert, to get rid of
    թողուլ ասել‎ ― tʿołul asel ― to omit, to leave out, to pass over in silence
    սիրտ իմ եթող զիս‎ ― sirt im etʿoł zis ― my heart failed me
    ի բաց թողցուք զայս‎ ― i bacʿ tʿołcʿukʿ zays ― let us leave that aside
    թողուլ առ ժամանակ մի‎ ― tʿołul aṙ žamanak mi ― to suspend
  3. to deliver, to free, to pardon, to remit, to release, to acquit, to forego, to pass over, to tolerate
    թողուլ զմեղս‎ ― tʿołul zmełs ― to pardon, to absolve, to remit; to expiate
    թողուլ զիմն ի գլուխ ուրուք‎ ― tʿołul zimn i glux urukʿ ― to let one go one's own way
    ձայն թողուլ‎ ― jayn tʿołul ― to cry out
    թողուլ զոք ի մահուանէ‎ ― tʿołul zokʿ i mahuanē ― to free from death
  4. to repudiate; to renounce
  5. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be left, abandoned

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “թողում”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “թող”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “թողում”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy