թողում

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The root is թող- (tʿoł-) and is same with the word թոյլ (tʿoyl, weak); the original spelling of both is թոյղ (tʿoył), of uncertain origin. The root թող- (tʿoł-) is used independently as an adverb and preposition թող (tʿoł) and in the phrases թող լիք լինել (tʿoł likʿ linel, to be abandoned, outcast), բարձ եւ թող առնել (barj ew tʿoł aṙnel, to abandon).

According to J̌ahukyan, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *telh₂-.

Verb[edit]

թողում (tʿołum)  (aorist indicative թողի)

  1. to let, to permit, to allow
    չթողուլčʿtʿołulto refuse, to hinder, not to allow
    թողուլ առնելtʿołul aṙnelto permit, to allow
  2. to abandon, to resign, to yield, to give up, to forsake, to cast off, to leave, to desert, to get rid of
    թողուլ ասելtʿołul aselto omit, to leave out, to pass over in silence
    սիրտ իմ եթող զիսsirt im etʿoł zismy heart failed me
    ի բաց թողցուք զայսi bacʿ tʿołcʿukʿ zayslet us leave that aside
    թողուլ առ ժամանակ միtʿołul aṙ žamanak mito suspend
  3. to deliver, to free, to pardon, to remit, to release, to acquit, to forego, to pass over, to tolerate
    թողուլ զմեղսtʿołul zmełsto pardon, to absolve, to remit; to expiate
    թողուլ զիմն ի գլուխ ուրուքtʿołul zimn i glux urukʿto let one go one's own way
    ձայն թողուլjayn tʿołulto cry out
    թողուլ զոք ի մահուանէtʿołul zokʿ i mahuanēto free from death
  4. to repudiate; to renounce
  5. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be left, abandoned

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “թող”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “թողում”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “թող-”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 270b
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “թողում”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy