քաջ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian քաջ (kʿaǰ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

քաջ (kʿaǰ) (superlative ամենաքաջ)

  1. brave, courageous
    քաջ զինվորkʿaǰ zinvorbrave soldier
  2. good; excellent
    քաջ առողջությունkʿaǰ aṙoġǰutʿyungood health

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

քաջ (kʿaǰ)

  1. man of courage

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

քաջ (kʿaǰ)

  1. excellently; perfectly (well)
    քաջ գիտակցելkʿaǰ gitakcʿelto know perfectly well

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Adjective[edit]

քաջ (kʿaǰ)

  1. good; excellent
  2. noble, distinguished, eminent; good, honest, worthy
    քաջ արանցkʿaǰ arancʿemperor, Caesar, Augustus
  3. brave, gallant, valiant, courageous, intrepid, valorous, manful, stout, bold, daring
    քաջ լե՛րkʿaǰ lércourage! be of good cheer!
    • 5th century, Agatʿangełos, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ [History of the Armenians] 127:[1]
      քաջութիւն հասցէ ձեզ ի քաջէն Վահագնէ ամենայն Հայոց աշխարհիս
      kʿaǰutʿiwn hascʿē jez i kʿaǰēn Vahagnē amenayn Hayocʿ ašxarhis
      • Translation by R. W. Thomson
        may there be [] valor from valiant Vahagn to you and all our land of Armenia
  4. clever, excelling in, of good abilities, fit for

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

քաջ (kʿaǰ)

  1. hero; tutelar genius
  2. (Armenian mythology) kaj

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

քաջ (kʿaǰ)

  1. good, well, right, suitably, very, much, very much
    քաջ ի բացkʿaǰ i bacʿvery far; very, much, much more
    կարի քաջ, կարի իսկ քաջkari kʿaǰ, kari isk kʿaǰvery well, as well as can be
    քաջ էkʿaǰ ēthat will do, that is settled; well, very well!
    վաղ քաջvał kʿaǰvery early

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: քաջ (kʿaǰ), քաջք (kʿaǰkʿ)
  • Cappadocian Greek: κατσόρα (katsóra)
  • Georgian: ქაჯი (kaǯi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomson, R. W. (1976) Agathangelos, History of the Armenians[1], Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, pages 138–139

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, Matatʿeay (1879), “քաջ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “քաջ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “քաջ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press