From the root س ب ت (s-b-t) meaning "to rest or hibernate", "to cease", "to stop or be still", "to be motionless", "to be quiet"; such senses likely being borrowed from the Hebrew שַׁבָּת (shabát, “weekly day of rest”). Ultimately related to Akkadian 𒊩𒑂 (sebet, “a week”, literally “the feminine form of seven”) and Akkadian 𒊭𒉺𒌅 (šapattu, “a day of the cessation”, literally “two-week duration, the new and full moon”); a commemoration of the creating of mankind that caused the unrest of the Igigi to cease, followed by the gods seeking to quiet the racket of the needy mankind through the Deluge; practiced by restricting certain activities to give the gods a day of quiet.
السَّبْت • (as-sabt) m
|Singular||basic singular triptote|
- Lane, Edward William (1863), “سبت”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, pages 1287-1289
- šabattu, © Association Assyrophile de France, last updated 2017.
- sebe in Black, Jeremy; George, Andrew; Postgate, Nicholas (1976) A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd corrected edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, page 319