السبت

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root س ب ت(s-b-t) meaning "to rest or hibernate", "to cease", "to stop or be still", "to be motionless", "to be quiet"; such senses likely being borrowed from the Hebrew שַׁבָּת(shabát, weekly day of rest). Ultimately related to Akkadian 𒊩𒑂 (sebet, a week, literally the feminine form of seven) and Akkadian 𒊭𒉺𒌅 (šapattu, a day of the cessation, literally two-week duration, the new and full moon); a commemoration of the creating of mankind that caused the unrest of the Igigi to cease, followed by the gods seeking to quiet the racket of the needy mankind through the Deluge; practiced by restricting certain activities to give the gods a day of quiet.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

السَّبْت (as-sabtm

  1. Saturday, the cessation or last day of the week
  2. the Sabbath
  3. the duration of a week, seven-day cycle

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Epic of Atraḥasis" from Livius.org, © 1995–2017 adapted from B.R. Foster's translation; see especially 221 where the term appears.