السبت

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root س ب ت(s-b-t) meaning "to rest or hibernate", "to cease", "to stop or be still", "to be motionless", "to be quiet"; the religious sense likely being borrowed from the Hebrew שַׁבָּת(shabbát, weekly day of rest). Ultimately stemming from Proto-Semitic *ṯabat- (to be still, fixed, or staying), doublet of the native Arabic ثَبَتَ(ṯabata). Related to Akkadian 𒋛𒁍𒌅 (se-bu-tu /sebûtu/, seventh day of the month), a holiday term that is paired with Akkadian 𒌓𒌋𒐊𒄰 (UD.15.KAM /šapattu, šabattu/, two-week duration, the new and full moon, literally a day of the cessation). The latter is a commemoration of the creating of mankind that caused the unrest of the Igigi to cease, followed by the gods seeking to quiet the racket of the needy mankind through the Deluge; practiced by restricting certain activities to give the gods a day of quiet.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

السَّبْت (as-sabtm

  1. Saturday, the cessation or last day of the week
  2. the Sabbath
  3. the duration of a week, seven-day cycle

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Epic of Atraḥasis" from Livius.org, © 1995–2017 adapted from B.R. Foster's translation; see especially 221 where the term appears.

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic السَّبْت(as-sabt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

السبت (es-sabtm

  1. Saturday
    Synonym: يوم السبت(yūm es-sabt)

See also[edit]