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From Latin sabbatum partly through Old French sabbat, sabat, from Ancient Greek σάββατον (sábbaton, Sabbath), from Hebrew שבת (shabát, Sabbath).

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Sabbath (plural Sabbaths)

  1. Saturday, observed in Judaism and some Christian denominations as a day of rest and worship.
  2. Sunday, observed in most of Christianity as a day of rest and worship.
  3. Friday, observed in Islam as a day of rest and worship.
    There are three Sabbaths–Friday (Muslim), Saturday (Jewish), and Sunday (Christian).
  4. A meeting of witches, presided over by the devil. (Also: witches' sabbath or black sabbath).
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, page 419:
      Around this conception was built up the notion of ritual devil-worship, involving the sabbath or nocturnal meeting at which the witches gathered to worship their master and to copulate with him.

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