שבת

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Aramaic[edit]

Verb[edit]

שְׁבַת (šəḇaṯ)

  1. rest; observe the Sabbath

Noun[edit]

שבת (transliteration needed)

  1. singular construct state of שבתא

Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
שׁ־ב־ת

Possibly from Akkadian 𒊭𒉺𒌅 (šapattu, the middle day of the month).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שַׁבָּת (shabátf (plural indefinite שַׁבָּתוֹת)

  1. Shabbat, Sabbath; weekly day of rest
    • בראשית רבה, יז ה
      רַבִּי חֲנִינָא בַּר יִצְחָק אָמַר: ג׳ נוֹבְלוֹת הֵן: נוֹבֶלֶת מִיתָה שֵׁינָה, נוֹבֶלֶת נְבוּאָה חֲלוֹם, נוֹבֶלֶת הָעוֹלָם הַבָּא שַׁבָּת.‏
  2. Saturday
  3. (archaic) week (Mishnaic Hebrew)
Descendants[edit]

Verb[edit]

שָׁבַת (shavát) (pa'al construction, future ישבות \ יִשְׁבֹּת)

  1. to stop working, to rest
    • Genesis 2:2-3, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וַיְכַל אֱלֹהִים בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי מְלַאכְתּוֹ אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וַיִּשְׁבֹּת בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי מִכָּל־מְלַאכְתּוֹ אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה׃ וַיְבָרֶךְ אֱלֹהִים אֶת־יוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי וַיְקַדֵּשׁ אֹתוֹ כִּי בוֹ שָׁבַת מִכָּל־מְלַאכְתּוֹ אֲשֶׁר־בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים לַעֲשׂוֹת׃‏
      vay'khál 'elohím bayóm hash'vi'í m'lakhtó 'ashér 'asá vayishbót bayóm hash'vi'í mikol-m'lakhtó 'ashér 'asá. vay'várekh 'elohím 'et-yóm hash'vi'í vay'kadésh 'otó kí vó shavát mikol-m'lakhtó 'asher-bará 'elohím la'asót.
      wayəḵal ʾĕlōhīm bayyōm haššəḇīʿī məlaḵtō ʾăšer ʿāśā wayyišbōṯ bayyōm haššəḇīʿī mikkol-məlaḵtō ʾăšer ʿāśā. wayəḇā́reḵ ʾĕlōhīm ʾeṯ-yōm haššəḇīʿī wayəqaddēš ʾōṯō kī ḇō šāḇaṯ mikkol-məlaḵtō ʾăšer-bārā ʾĕlōhīm laʿăśōṯ.
      And on the seventh day God finished His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and hallowed it; because that in it He rested from all His work which God in creating had made.
  2. to go on strike
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Root
י־שׁ־ב

Verb[edit]

שֶׁבֶת (shévet)

  1. Bare infinitive (infinitive construct or gerund) of יָשַׁב (yasháv)

Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew שַׁבָּת (shabát).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שבת (shabesm, plural שבתים (shabosem)

  1. Saturday
  2. Sabbath, Shabbat

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]