שבת

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew לשבות ("to stop working, to stop"). Compare to שֶבֶת ("a sitting, a stopping"), an archaic gerund. Ultimately, from the root ש.ב.ת, conveying rest and stopping.

Recent research suggests Akkadian [script?] (šapattu, the middle day of the month) as ultimate origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שַׁבָּת (shabátf (plural indefinite form שַׁבָּתוֹת)

  1. Saturday
  2. Sabbath; weekly day of rest and worship
  3. (obsolete) week (Talmudical Hebrew)

Descendants[edit]


Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew שַׁבָּת (shabát).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שבת (shabesm, plural שבתים (shabosem)

  1. Saturday
  2. Sabbath, Shabbat

See also[edit]