שבת

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Aramaic[edit]

Verb[edit]

שְׁבַת (šəḇaṯ)

  1. rest; observe the Sabbath

Noun[edit]

שבת (transliteration needed)

  1. singular construct state of שבתא

Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
שׁ־ב־ת

Possibly from Akkadian 𒊭𒉺𒌅 (šapattu, the middle day of the month).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שַׁבָּת (shabátf (plural indefinite שַׁבָּתוֹת)

  1. Shabbat, Sabbath; weekly day of rest
  2. Saturday
  3. (archaic) week (Mishnaic Hebrew)
Descendants[edit]

Verb[edit]

שָׁבַת (shavát) (pa'al construction, future ישבות \ יִשְׁבֹּת)

  1. to stop working, to rest
  2. to go on strike
Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Root
י־שׁ־ב

Verb[edit]

שֶׁבֶת (shévet)

  1. Bare infinitive (infinitive construct or gerund) of יָשַׁב (yasháv)

Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew שַׁבָּת (shabát).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שבת (shabesm, plural שבתים (shabosem)

  1. Saturday
  2. Sabbath, Shabbat

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]