حور

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • From the root ح و ر(ḥ-w-r).
  • The Arabic term for the poplar is probably borrowed from Classical Syriac ܚܘܪܐ(ḥawwərā), considering that
    1. the range of distribution of the white poplar is outside Arabia, but inside the Aramaic language area
    2. the Syriac root as well as this Syriac word are in broader use for terms related to whiteness in general and in botanical application
    3. the Arabic has multiple vocalizations, ḥawwar, ḥawar, hawr (dialectally also ḥōr and ḥūr), of which ḥawwar sounds foreign for a plant name
  • But the insinuation by Alexander Borg 2007 that every Arabic word in this root denoting whiteness is a “substratal reflex” from Aramaic is to be dismissed. Such a separation is not conceivable: The Arabic root means in as much “contrasting white” as it means “returning”, “changing one’s position or state”. In the same section Borg fails to earmark يَرَقَان(yaraqān, blight; jaundice) as Aramaic-borrowed or to outline any causally plausible chronology of color expressions.

Verb[edit]

حَوِرَ (ḥawira) I, non-past يَحْوَرُ‎‎ (yaḥwaru)

  1. to be intensely white

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

حَوَّرَ (ḥawwara) II, non-past يُحَوِّرُ‎‎ (yuḥawwiru)

  1. to make return
  2. to alter, to modify
  3. to turn about, to twist, to roll
  4. to whiten, to bleach

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَوْر (ḥawrm

  1. verbal noun of حَارَ(ḥāra) (form I)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَوَر (ḥawarm

  1. verbal noun of حَوِرَ (ḥawira) (form I)
    1. intense whiteness

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَوَر
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حَوَّر or حَوَر or حَوْر (ḥawwar or ḥawar or ḥawrm

  1. poplar (Populus)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Armenian: հավր (havr, white poplar)

Noun[edit]

حَوَر (ḥawarm (collective, singulative حَوَرَة(ḥawara), plural حَوَرَان(ḥawarān) or حُورَان(ḥūrān) or أَحْوَار(ʾaḥwār))

  1. intensely white, yellow or red hides of which receptacles are made or covered

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

حُور (ḥūrm pl

  1. plural of أَحْوَر(ʾaḥwar)

References[edit]

  • ḥwr”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • ḥwr2”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Borg, Alexander (2007), Robert E. MacLaury, Galina V. Paramei, Don Dedrick, editors, Towards a history and typology of color categorization in colloquial Arabic, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing, →ISBN, pages 269–271
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 32
  • Freytag, Georg (1830), “حور”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 439–440
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “حور”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 665
  • Löw, Immanuel (1924) Die Flora der Juden[1] (in German), volume 3, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, pages 322–340
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “حور”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 302