عاشق

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from the active participle of عَشِقَ(ʿašiqa, to love), from the root ع ش ق(ʿ-š-q).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

عَاشِق (ʿāšiq) (feminine عَاشِقَة(ʿāšiqa), masculine plural عَاشِقُونَ(ʿāšiqūna) or عُشَّاق(ʿuššāq), feminine plural عَاشِقَات(ʿāšiqāt) or عَوَاشِق(ʿawāšiq))

  1. in love with, enamored of, infatuated with

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَاشِق (ʿāšiqm (plural عَاشِقُونَ(ʿāšiqūna) or عُشَّاق(ʿuššāq), feminine عَاشِقَة(ʿāšiqa))

  1. admirer, lover, adorer

Usage notes[edit]

In many descendants the word has taken on the meaning of “ashugh, mystic bard, balladeer, or troubadour”. This sense developed in Turkic, according to Sevortjan (apud Anikin) under the influence of Armenian. According to Asatryan, the term is of Sufi origin.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Anikin, A. Je. (2007) , “ашик”, in Russkij etimologičeskij slovarʹ [Russian Etymological Dictionary] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow: Rukopisnyje pamjatniki Drevnej Rusi, pages 353, 355
  • Asatrjan, G. S. (2013) , “Parfjanskoje gōsān [Parthian gōsān]”, in Toxtasʹjev S. R., Lurʹje P. B., editors, Commentationes Iranicae. Sbornik statej k 90-letiju Vladimira Aronoviča Livšica[1] (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Nestor-Istorija, →ISBN, page 103
  • Corriente, F. (1997) , “ʿŠQ”, in A Dictionary of Andalusi Arabic (Handbuch der Orientalistik; I.29), Leiden, New York, Köln: Brill, page 354b
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “عاشق”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 132
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) , “عاشق”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, pages 2054
  • Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–) , “aşık1”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  • Seeger, Ulrich (2015) Wörterbuch Palästinensisch-Deutsch[2], archived from the original on 5 March 2016, page 407
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “عشق”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 614b

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَاشِق(ʿāšiq).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

عاشق ('âšeq)

  1. loving
  2. amorous
  3. enamoured

Noun[edit]

عاشق ('âšeq) (plural عاشقان('âšeqân) or عشاق('oššaq) or عاشق‌ها('âšeq-hâ))

  1. lover

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]