عدن

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Arabic[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ع د ن(ʿ-d-n). The sense is “Eden” is a borrowing from Biblical Hebrew עֵדֶן(ʿéden). The meaning “to stay, to remain” appears to be denominal verb from عِدَّان(ʿiddān, set time; set place of staying), all of use particular to Bedouins, only the meaning “to strike” the original Arabic meaning, whence transferred “to break up the soil to to manure”.

Proper noun[edit]

عَدْن (ʿadnm

  1. Eden
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 98:9:
      جَزَاؤُهُمْ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1865 C.E., Bible (SVD), Book of Genesis, 2:8:
      وَغَرَسَ الرَّبُّ الإِلٰهُ جَنَّةً فِي عَدْنٍ شَرْقًا، وَوَضَعَ هُنَاكَ آدَمَ الَّذِي جَبَلَهُ.‎‎
      waḡarasa r-rabbu l-ʾilāhu jannatan fī ʿadnin šarqan, wawaḍaʿa hunāka ʾādama allaḏī jabalahu.
      And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.
Declension[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

عَدَن (ʿadanm

  1. Aden (a port city in Yemen)
Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَدَنَ (ʿadana) I, non-past يَعْدِنُor يَعْدُنُ‎‎ (yaʿdinu or yaʿdunu)

  1. to stay, to bide, to remain
  2. to dung, to manure, to fertilize
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَدَّنَ (ʿaddana) II, non-past يُعَدِّنُ‎‎ (yuʿaddinu)

  1. to dung, to manure, to fertilize
  2. to strike sharply (e.g. with the miner’s pickaxe صَاقُور(ṣāqūr)), to mine in
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَدْن (ʿadnm

  1. verbal noun of عَدَنَ (ʿadana) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَدَن (ʿadanm (collective, singulative عَدَنَة‎ f (ʿadana))

  1. (Yemen, Jazan) Adenium gen. et spp.
    • 2018 April 13, “زهرة عدن – Adenium Obesum”, in EcoFoci[1]:
      وتعرف أيضا بشجرة عدنة وهي نبات معمر يتواجد في المناطق الجبلية وشبه الجبلية كجزيرة سوقطرى في اليمن ومدينة جازان في السعودية كما توجد كذلك في الهند والصين وبورما.‎‎
      It is also known as ʿadana-tree and it is a perennial plant found in mountainous and semi-mountainous regions like Socotra, in Yemen, in the city of Jazan in Saudi-Arabia, and also India, China and Burma.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

عُدْنَ (ʿudna) (form I)

  1. second-person feminine plural active imperative of عَادَ(ʿāda)
  2. third-person feminine plural past active of عَادَ(ʿāda)

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

عِدْنَ (ʿidna) (form I)

  1. second-person feminine plural active imperative of وَعَدَ(waʿada)
  2. third-person feminine plural past passive of عَادَ(ʿāda)

Persian[edit]

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Wikipedia fa

Proper noun[edit]

عدن (Adan)

  1. Eden
    باغ عدن‎ ― Bâğ-e Adanthe Garden of Eden
  2. Aden (a city in Yemen)