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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *yad-.


  • IPA(key): [ʔiðɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʔiðe(ʔ)], [ʔiðajjɑ(ʔ)], [ʔiðawwɑθɑ(ʔ)], [ʔiðahhɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܐܝܕܐ (ˀīḏāf (plural ܐܝܕܗܬܐor ܐܝܕܘܬܐor ܐܝܕܝܐor ܐܝܕܐ)

  1. (anatomy) hand; forearm, arm
  2. fist
  3. (animal anatomy) paw, forepaw
  4. glove
  5. armrest
  6. handle
  7. axle (of a wheel)
  8. clapper (of a bell)
  9. side, bank, shore
  10. (figuratively) power, might, dominion
  11. (figuratively) laying on of hands, ordination
Usage notes[edit]

Usually, the plurals ܐܝܕܐ(ʾīḏēʾ) and ܐܝܕܝܐ(ʾīḏayyāʾ) are used for literal or animate senses while ܐܝܕܘܬܐ(ʾīḏawwāṯāʾ) and ܐܝܕܗܬܐ(ʾīḏahhāṯāʾ) are used for figurative or inanimate senses.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]


  • IPA(key): [ʔe(j)ðɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʔe(j)ðe(ʔ)] (plural)


ܐܝܕܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܐܝܕܐ)

  1. Alternative form of ܥܐܕܐ


  • yd”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 136b-137a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 186a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 31b