يد

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See also: ید

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *yad-, whence was derived the root ي د ي(y-d-y).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /jad/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

يَد (yadf (dual يَدَان(yadān), plural أَيْدٍ(ʾaydin) or أَيَادٍ(ʾayādin)) (countable)

  1. an appendage of a body (as of an animal)
    لِلْأُخْطُبُوطِ ثَمَانِي أَيْدٍ.‎‎ ― lilʾuḵṭubūṭi ṯamānī ʾaydin.Octopuses have eight arms.
    Synonyms: ذِرَاع(ḏirāʿ), طَرَف(ṭaraf)
    1. (of primates, obsolete) the upper limb, the arm
      Synonym: ذِرَاع(ḏirāʿ)
    2. (of a garment) the covering of the arm, the arm of a garment, the sleeve
      Synonym: كُمّ(kumm)
    3. (by extension) something resembling, likened to, or related to an appendage
  2. (of primates) the part of the upper limb between the wrist and the fingertips, the terminal portion of the arm, the hand
    Synonym: كَفّ(kaff)
    1. (by extension) something resembling, likened to, or related to a hand or hands (such as a handle, ability, power, kingship, ownership, help, and so on)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Egyptian Arabic: ايد(īd)
  • Gulf Arabic: ايد(īd)
  • Maltese: id, jedd
  • Moroccan Arabic: يد(yadd, yidd), ايد(ʔīd)

References[edit]

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne, “يد”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes[1] (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1881, pages 849–850
  • Freytag, Georg, “يد”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum[2] (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, 1837, pages 516–517
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein, “يد”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc[3] (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, 1860, pages 1623–1626
  • Wehr, Hans, “يد”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic[4], 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, 1979, →ISBN

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic يَد(yad).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

يَد or يِد (yadd or yiddf (dual يَدين(yaddayn) or يِدين(yiddayn), plural يَدين(yaddīn) or يِدين(yiddīn))

  1. (anatomy) hand