يد

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See also: ید

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *yad-, whence was derived the root ي د ي(y-d-y).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /jad/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

يَد (yadf (dual يَدَان(yadān), plural أَيْدٍ(ʾaydin) or أَيَادٍ(ʾayādin)) (countable)

  1. an appendage of a body (as of an animal)
    لِلْأُخْطُبُوطِ ثَمَانِي أَيْدٍ.‎‎ ― lilʾuḵṭubūṭi ṯamānī ʾaydin.Octopuses have eight arms.
    Synonyms: ذِرَاع(ḏirāʿ), طَرَف(ṭaraf)
    1. (of quadrupeds, literary) a foreleg
      Coordinate term: رِجْل(rijl, hind leg)
    2. (of primates, obsolete) the upper limb, the arm
      Synonym: ذِرَاع(ḏirāʿ)
    3. (of a garment) the covering of the arm, the arm of a garment, the sleeve
      Synonym: كُمّ(kumm)
    4. (by extension) something resembling, likened to, or related to an appendage; including various technical elements perceived as an appendage:
      1. pestle for a mortar (this is the normal term for it in Arabic)
        Synonyms: مِدَقّ(midaqq), (also normal in al-Andalus) دَسْتَج(dastaj)
      2. tiller of a rudder
      3. armrest of an armchair
  2. (of primates) the part of the upper limb between the wrist and the fingertips, the terminal portion of the arm, the hand
    Synonym: كَفّ(kaff)
    1. (by extension) the capacity to handle a thing, ability, power, kingship, ownership, help, grip, control, hand, dexterity, métier and so on
  3. (al-Andalus, Morocco in the Middle Ages) a unit of measure
    1. flock of sheep
    2. a portion of a meadow snithen by two to three grasscutters or harvestmen in a row
    3. a vine row of 30, 40 or 60 cubits depending on the terrain worked by four vignerons one after the other
    4. a quire of paper
      Synonyms: رِزْمَة(rizma), حُزْمَة(ḥuzma), كُرَّاسَة(kurrāsa)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Egyptian Arabic: ايد(īd)
  • Gulf Arabic: ايد(īd)
  • Maltese: id, jedd
  • Moroccan Arabic: يد(yadd, yidd), ايد(ʔīd)

References[edit]

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “يد”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, pages 849–850
  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “يد”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 516–517
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “يد”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, pages 1623–1626
  • Ibn ʿAbdūn (a. 1135), “Un document sur la vie urbaine et les corps de métiers à Séville au début du XIIe siècle: Le traité d’Ibn ʿAbdūn publié avec une introduction et un glossaire”, in Évariste Lévi-Provençal, editor, Journal asiatique[2] (in French), issue 2, published 1934, page 299
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “يد”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic يَد(yad).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

يَد or يِد (yadd or yiddf (dual يَدين(yaddayn) or يِدين(yiddayn), plural يَدين(yaddīn) or يِدين(yiddīn))

  1. (anatomy) hand