ܗܘ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare Arabic هُوَ (huwa) and Hebrew הוּא (hûʾ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ܗܘ (m (plural ܗܢܘܢ, feminine singular ܗܝ, feminine plural ܗܢܝܢ)

  1. (personal) he, it
  2. (intensive) he himself, it itself
  3. sometimes used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notes[edit]
  • Syriac does not have a neuter gender. The sense of "it" comes when translating Syriac inanimate nouns that are grammatically masculine into English inanimate nouns that are usually neuter.
  • As an intensive pronoun, ܗܘ () must come before the noun it describes.

Etymology 2[edit]

Modified from above, with the initial consonant quiescing.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [-(ʔ)u] (after a word ending in a consonant)
  • IPA(key): [-w] (after a word ending in a vowel, forming a diphthong)

Pronoun[edit]

ܗܘ ([h]ū, -wm (plural ܐܢܘܢ, feminine singular ܗܝ, feminine plural ܐܢܝܢ)

  1. an enclitic used as a copula for a third-person singular masculine subject; he is, it is
  2. (with a preceding first- or second-person singular pronoun) an enclitic used as a copula for a singular masculine subject; (I) am, (you) are
Usage notes[edit]
  • Usually, the form ܗܘ ([h]ū) is written separately from the word it follows while the alternative form (-w) is written together with the word it follows.
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ܗܘ (hāw) m (plural ܗܢܘܢ ; singular feminine counterpart ܗܝ ; plural feminine counterpart ܗܢܝܢ)

  1. (demonstrative) that
Usage notes[edit]
  • As an attributive adjective, ܗܘ (hāw) can come either before or after the noun it describes without any change in meaning.

Pronoun[edit]

ܗܘ (hāwm (plural ܗܢܘܢ, feminine singular ܗܝ, feminine plural ܗܢܝܢ)

  1. (demonstrative) that thing, that one
  2. used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notes[edit]
  • The sense of the definite article "the" is used especially when translating Ancient Greek texts, being the equivalent of the Ancient Greek masculine singular definite article (ho).

References[edit]

  • "hw" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 74a-b
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, pp. 100b-101a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 333a