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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܙ-ܪ-ܥ (z-r-ʿ) related to sowing, from Proto-Semitic. Compare Akkadian 𒆰 (zēru [NUMUN]), Arabic زَرْع (zarʿ), and Hebrew זֶרַע (zéraʿ).


  • IPA(key): [zarʕɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [zarʕe(ʔ)], [zarʕɑθɑ(ʔ)], [zarʕ(ə)jɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܙܪܥܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܙܪܥܝܬܐ or ܙܪܥܬܐ or ܙܪܥܐ)

  1. seed, grain
  2. sowing
  3. field
  4. young or immature offspring; egg, nestling
  5. family, offspring, race
  6. (in the plural) descendants
  7. lineage, bloodline
Usage notes[edit]

The plural ܙܪܥܬܐ (zarʿāṯāʾ) is used for the sense of "field", the plural ܙܪܥܝܬܐ (zarʿəjāṯāʾ) is used for the sense of "descendant", and the plural ܙܪܥܐ (zarʿēʾ) is used for other senses.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܙ-ܪ-ܥ (z-r-ʿ) related to sowing.


  • IPA(key): [z(ə)rɑʕɑ(ʔ)]


ܙܪܥܐ (transliteration needed) m (uncountable)

  1. sowing
  2. dispersion


  • zr(”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 92b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 121a-b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 400a