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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܙ-ܪ-ܥ (IPA(key): /z-r-ʕ/) related to sowing, from Proto-Semitic. Compare Akkadian 𒆰 ‎(zēru [NUMUN]), Arabic زَرْع ‎(zarʿ), and Hebrew זֶרַע ‎(zéraʿ).


  • IPA(key): [zarʕɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [zarʕe(ʔ)], [zarʕɑθɑ(ʔ)], [zarʕ(ə)jɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܙܪܥܐ ‎(transliteration neededm ‎(plural ܙܪܥܝܬܐ or ܙܪܥܬܐ or ܙܪܥܐ)

  1. seed, grain
  2. sowing
  3. field
  4. young or immature offspring; egg, nestling
  5. family, offspring, race
  6. (in the plural) descendants
  7. lineage, bloodline
Usage notes[edit]

The plural ܙܪܥܬܐ ‎(zarʿāṯāʾ) is used for the sense of "field", the plural ܙܪܥܝܬܐ ‎(zarʿəjāṯāʾ) is used for the sense of "descendant", and the plural ܙܪܥܐ ‎(zarʿēʾ) is used for other senses.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܙ-ܪ-ܥ (IPA(key): /z-r-ʕ/) related to sowing.


  • IPA(key): [z(ə)rɑʕɑ(ʔ)]


ܙܪܥܐ ‎(transliteration needed) m (uncountable)

  1. sowing
  2. dispersion


  • "zr(" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 92b
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 121a-b
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 400a