ܦܝܠܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Mediated via Egyptian pꜣ-ꜣbw from Proto-Afro-Asiatic *eḷu (elephant). The term has spread across the ancient Middle East, compare Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (pīru, AM.SI), Arabic فِيل (fīl), Hebrew פִּיל (pîl), Old Armenian փիղ (pʿił), Sanskrit पीलु (pīlu), Persian پیل (pīl).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [pilɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [pile(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܦܝܠܐ (pīlām (plural ܦܝܠܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܦܝܠܬܐ)

  1. elephant
    • 2011, Joseph P. Amar (ed.), The Syriac Vita Edition of Ephrem the Syrian, in Scriptores Syrii, Vol. 242, In Aedibus Peeters, 16.
      ܐܠܐ ܥܠ ܢܨܝܒܝܢ ܒܚܝܠܐ ܣܓܝܐܐ. ܒܖ̈ܟܫܐ ܘܒܦܝ̈ܠܐ ܕܠܐ ܡܬܡܢܝܢ
      He came to Nisibis with a numerous army, with countless horses and elephants.
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܦ-ܘ-ܠ (p-w-l) related to sprinkling.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [p(ə)jɑlɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [p(ə)jɑle(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܦܝܠܐ (pyālām (plural ܦܝܠܐ)

  1. anything sprinkled or mixed (e.g. with oil as a cake or dough)
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ancient Greek φιάλη (phiálē).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [fijɑlɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [fijɑle(ʔ)], [fijɑlajje(ʔ(], [fijɑlas] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܦܝܠܐ (p̄īyālāf (plural ܦܝܠܐܣ or ܦܝܠܝܐ or ܦܝܠܐ)

  1. broad shallow dish, paten, patera, cup, bowl, saucer

References[edit]

  • pyl”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 274a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 443b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 1186a-b