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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܫ-ܘ-ܡ (š-w-m) related to being wounded. Compare Arabic شَامَة (šāma(t)) and Hebrew שׁוּמָה (šûmâ).


  • IPA(key): [ʃumtɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃumɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܫܘܡܬܐ (transliteration neededf (plural ܫܘܡܬܐ)

  1. wound, bruise, swelling
  2. sore, ulcer
  3. spot (from scurvy or plague)
  4. scab, scar
  5. (in the plural) stubble, whiskers
  6. (in the plural, Christianity) Eucharist crumbs



  • $wmh”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, pp. 362b-363a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 566b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 1530a