तद्

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *tád, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *tád, from Proto-Indo-European *tód. Confer masculine and feminine forms (), सा (sā́).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /t̪ɐ́d̪/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /t̪ɐd̪/
  • Pronoun[edit]

    तद् (tádn

    1. (3rd person pronoun) it
    2. that
    3. this
    Declension[edit]
    Declension of तद्
    Nom. sg. तत् (tat)
    Gen. sg. तस्य (tasya)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative तत् (tat) ते (te) तानि (tāni)
    Vocative
    Accusative तत् (tat) ते (te) तानि (tāni)
    Instrumental तेन (tena) ताभ्याम् (tābhyām) तैः (taiḥ)
    Dative तस्मै (tasmai) ताभ्याम् (tābhyām) तेभ्यः (tebhyaḥ)
    Ablative तस्मात्, ततः (tasmāt, tataḥ) ताभ्याम्, ततः (tābhyām, tataḥ) तेभ्यः, ततः (tebhyaḥ, tataḥ)
    Genitive तस्य (tasya) तयोः (tayoḥ) तेषाम् (teṣām)
    Locative तस्मिन् (tasmin) तयोः (tayoḥ) तेषु (teṣu)

    Usage notes[edit]

    Often correlative of () generally standing in the preceding clause e.g.

    yasya buddhiḥ sa balavān — of whom there is intellect he is strong

    Sometimes, for the sake of emphasis, connected with the 1st and 2nd personal pronouns, with other demonstratives and with relatives e.g.

    so aham — I that very person, I myself
    tāv imau — those very two
    tad etad ākhyānam — that very tale
    yat tat kāraṇam — that very reason which
    yā sā śrī — that very fortune which

    Noun[edit]

    तद् (tádn

    1. this world (compare इदम् (idam))
    2. = ब्रह्म (brahma) » तत्त्व (tat-tva)

    Adverb[edit]

    तद् (tád)

    1. there, in that place, thither, to that spot (correlative of यत्र (yátra) or यतस् (yátas))
    2. then, at that time, in that case (correlative of यदा (yadā́), यद् (yád) AV.; of यत्र (yátra) ŚBr. xiv; of यदि (yadi) Nal. Bhag. etc.; of चेद् (ce*d) Śak. etc.)
    3. thus, in this manner, with regard to that
      tad etau ślokau bhavataḥ — with reference to that there are these two verses
    4. on that account, for that reason, therefore, consequently (sometimes correlative of यतस् (yatas), यद् (yád), येन (yena) "because")
    5. now (clause-connecting particle)
    6. so also, equally, and

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0434