Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search



From Proto-Indo-European *tód. Confer masculine and feminine forms ‎(), सा ‎().


तद् ‎(tádn

  1. (3rd person pronoun) it
  2. that
  3. this
Declension of तद्
Nom. sg. तत् ‎(tat)
Gen. sg. तस्य ‎(tasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तत् ‎(tat) ते ‎(te) तानि ‎(tāni)
Vocative - ‎(-) - ‎(-) - ‎(-)
Accusative तत् ‎(tat) ते ‎(te) तानि ‎(tāni)
Instrumental तेन ‎(tena) ताभ्याम् ‎(tābhyām) तैः ‎(taiḥ)
Dative तस्मै ‎(tasmai) ताभ्याम् ‎(tābhyām) तेभ्यः ‎(tebhyaḥ)
Ablative तस्मात्, ततः ‎(tasmāt, tataḥ) ताभ्याम्, ततः ‎(tābhyām, tataḥ) तेभ्यः, ततः ‎(tebhyaḥ, tataḥ)
Genitive तस्य ‎(tasya) तयोः ‎(tayoḥ) तेषाम् ‎(teṣām)
Locative तस्मिन् ‎(tasmin) तयोः ‎(tayoḥ) तेषु ‎(teṣu)

Usage notes[edit]

Often correlative of ‎() generally standing in the preceding clause e.g.

yasya buddhiḥ sa balavān — of whom there is intellect he is strong

Sometimes, for the sake of emphasis, connected with the 1st and 2nd personal pronouns, with other demonstratives and with relatives e.g.

so 'ham — I that very person, I myself
tāv imau — those very two
tad etad ākhyānam — that very tale
yat tat kāraṇam — that very reason which
yā sā śrī — that very fortune which


तद् ‎(tádn

  1. this world (compare इदम् ‎(idam))
  2. = ब्रह्म ‎(brahma) » तत्त्व ‎(tat-tva)


तद् ‎(tád)

  1. there, in that place, thither, to that spot (correlative of यत्र ‎(yátra) or यतस् ‎(yátas))
  2. then, at that time, in that case (correlative of यदा ‎(yadā́), यद् ‎(yád) AV.; of यत्र ‎(yátra) ŚBr. xiv; of यदि ‎(yadi) Nal. Bhag. etc.; of चेद् ‎(ce*d) Śak. etc.)
  3. thus, in this manner, with regard to that
    tad etau ślokau bhavataḥ — with reference to that there are these two verses
  4. on that account, for that reason, therefore, consequently (sometimes correlative of यतस् ‎(yatas), यद् ‎(yád), येन ‎(yena) "because")
  5. now (clause-connecting particle)
  6. so also, equally, and

Derived terms[edit]


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0434