नाचना

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Hindi verb set
नाचना (nācnā)
नचाना (nacānā)
नचवाना (nacvānā)

Inherited from Old Hindi नाचना (nācanā), from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀡𑀘𑁆𑀘𑀤𑀺 (ṇaccadi), from Sanskrit नृत्यति (nṛ́tyati).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /nɑːt͡ʃ.nɑː/, [n̪äːt͡ʃ.n̪äː]
  • Hyphenation: नाच‧ना
  • Rhymes: -ɑː

Verb[edit]

नाचना (nācnā) (intransitive, Urdu spelling نَاچْنَا‎)

  1. to dance

Conjugation[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Old Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀡𑀘𑁆𑀘𑀤𑀺 (ṇaccadi), from Sanskrit नृत्यति (nṛ́tyati). Cognate with Old Punjabi ਨਚਿ (naci /nacci/), ਨਾਚਿ (nāci), Old Gujarati नाचिवउं (nācivaüṃ), Old Marathi 𑘡𑘰𑘓𑘜𑘹 (nācaṇe), Old Bengali নাচ.

Verb[edit]

नाचना (nācanā) (intransitive)

  1. to dance
    • c. 1420, Kabīr, Kabīr Vāṇī 19.3:
      त्रिकुट कोट में मंदला वाजै। तहां मेरा मन नाचै
      गुर परसादि अमर फल पाया।
      trīkuṭa koṭa ma͠i madala bāja͠i. tahā̃ merā mana nācai.
      gura prasādi amara phala pāyā.
      • 2013 translation by Jaroslav Strnad
        drums sound in the fort in which three paths meet: there my mind dances
        by the grace of the Guru [I have] obtained the immortal fruit.
    • c. 1420, Kabīr, Kabīr Vāṇī 127.1:
      होहु निसं मंगन होइ नाचौ []
      सूरौ कहा मरंण तैं डरपै।
      hohu nisãka mãgana hoi nācau. []
      sūrau kahā marãṇa ta͠i ḍarapai.
      • 2013 translation by Jaroslav Strnad
        be fearless, be engrossed in dance!” (lit.: “being engrossed, dance!”). []
        does a hero fear death?

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Winand M. Callewaert; Swapna Sharma (2009), “नाच”, in Dictionary of Bhakti, Ramesh Nagar Metro Station, New Delhi 110 015: D.K. Printworld (P) Ltd., →ISBN, page 1052, column 2.
  • Jaroslav Strnad (2013) Morphology and Syntax of Old Hindī : Edition and Analysis of One Hundred Kabīr Vānī Poems From Rājasthān (Brill's Indological Library; 45), Leiden, OCLC 853683653, page 542
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “nŕ̊tyati”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 427