श्रुति

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew-ti-.

Noun[edit]

श्रुति (śrútif

  1. hearing, listening
    śrutim abhinīyafeigning to hear
    śrutiṃ vaco nugāṃ-√kṛto listen to a speech
  2. ear, organ or power of hearing
  3. the diagonal of a tetragon or hypothenuse of a triangle
  4. that which is heard or perceived with the ear, sound, noise
  5. an aggregate of sounds (whether forming a word or any part of a word)
  6. rumour, report, news, intelligence, hearsay
  7. a saying, saw, word
  8. that which has been heard or communicated from the beginning, sacred knowledge orally transmitted by the Brahmans from generation to generation, the Veda
  9. (music) a particular division of the octave, a quarter tone or interval (twenty-two of these are enumerated, four constituting a major tone, three a minor, and two a semitone; they are said to be personified as nymphs)
  10. name, title
  11. learning, scholarship
Declension[edit]
Feminine i-stem declension of श्रुति
Nom. sg. श्रुतिः (śrutiḥ)
Gen. sg. श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः (śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रुतिः (śrutiḥ) श्रुती (śrutī) श्रुतयः (śrutayaḥ)
Vocative श्रुते (śrute) श्रुती (śrutī) श्रुतयः (śrutayaḥ)
Accusative श्रुतिम् (śrutim) श्रुती (śrutī) श्रुतीः (śrutīḥ)
Instrumental श्रुत्या (śrutyā) श्रुतिभ्याम् (śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभिः (śrutibhiḥ)
Dative श्रुत्यै / श्रुतये (śrutyai / śrutaye) श्रुतिभ्याम् (śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभ्यः (śrutibhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः (śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ) श्रुतिभ्याम् (śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभ्यः (śrutibhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः (śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ) श्रुत्योः (śrutyoḥ) श्रुतीनाम् (śrutīnām)
Locative श्रुत्याम् / श्रुतौ (śrutyām / śrutau) श्रुत्योः (śrutyoḥ) श्रुतिषु (śrutiṣu)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

श्रुति (śrútif

  1. (compare स्रुति (sruti)) course, path (?)
  2. the constellation, श्रवणा (śravaṇā)
Declension[edit]
Feminine i-stem declension of श्रुति
Nom. sg. श्रुतिः (śrutiḥ)
Gen. sg. श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः (śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रुतिः (śrutiḥ) श्रुती (śrutī) श्रुतयः (śrutayaḥ)
Vocative श्रुते (śrute) श्रुती (śrutī) श्रुतयः (śrutayaḥ)
Accusative श्रुतिम् (śrutim) श्रुती (śrutī) श्रुतीः (śrutīḥ)
Instrumental श्रुत्या (śrutyā) श्रुतिभ्याम् (śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभिः (śrutibhiḥ)
Dative श्रुत्यै / श्रुतये (śrutyai / śrutaye) श्रुतिभ्याम् (śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभ्यः (śrutibhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः (śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ) श्रुतिभ्याम् (śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभ्यः (śrutibhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः (śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ) श्रुत्योः (śrutyoḥ) श्रुतीनाम् (śrutīnām)
Locative श्रुत्याम् / श्रुतौ (śrutyām / śrutau) श्रुत्योः (śrutyoḥ) श्रुतिषु (śrutiṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1101