श्रुति

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit श्रुति (śrúti).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

श्रुति (śrutif

  1. hearing, listening
    Synonym: सुनना (sunnā)
  2. something heard, hearsay
  3. (Hinduism) shruti: sacred knowledge of the Vedas traditionally transmitted orally
  4. (music) shruti: the shortest discernable interval of pitch, 22 of which are in an octave

Declension[edit]

Declension of श्रुति
Singular Plural
Direct श्रुती (śrutī) श्रुतियाँ (śrutiyā̃)
Oblique श्रुती (śrutī) श्रुतियों (śrutiyõ)
Vocative श्रुती (śrutī) श्रुतियो (śrutiyo)

Proper noun[edit]

श्रुति (śrutif

  1. A female given name, equivalent to English Sruti.

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *śrútiṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĉrútiš, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlú-ti-s, from *ḱlew- (to hear). Cognate with Old English hlūd (whence English loud).

Noun[edit]

श्रुति (śrútif

  1. hearing, listening
    śrutim abhinīyafeigning to hear
    śrutiṃ vaco nugāṃ-√kṛto listen to a speech
  2. ear, organ or power of hearing
  3. the diagonal of a tetragon or hypothenuse of a triangle
  4. that which is heard or perceived with the ear, sound, noise
  5. an aggregate of sounds (whether forming a word or any part of a word)
  6. rumour, report, news, intelligence, hearsay
  7. a saying, saw, word
  8. that which has been heard or communicated from the beginning, sacred knowledge orally transmitted by the Brahmans from generation to generation, the Veda
  9. (music) a particular division of the octave, a quarter tone or interval (twenty-two of these are enumerated, four constituting a major tone, three a minor, and two a semitone; they are said to be personified as nymphs)
  10. name, title
  11. learning, scholarship
Declension[edit]
Feminine i-stem declension of श्रुति (śrúti)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रुतिः
śrútiḥ
श्रुती
śrútī
श्रुतयः
śrútayaḥ
Vocative श्रुते
śrúte
श्रुती
śrútī
श्रुतयः
śrútayaḥ
Accusative श्रुतिम्
śrútim
श्रुती
śrútī
श्रुतीः
śrútīḥ
Instrumental श्रुत्या
śrútyā
श्रुतिभ्याम्
śrútibhyām
श्रुतिभिः
śrútibhiḥ
Dative श्रुतये / श्रुत्ये¹ / श्रुत्यै²
śrútaye / śrútye¹ / śrútyai²
श्रुतिभ्याम्
śrútibhyām
श्रुतिभ्यः
śrútibhyaḥ
Ablative श्रुतेः / श्रुत्याः²
śrúteḥ / śrútyāḥ²
श्रुतिभ्याम्
śrútibhyām
श्रुतिभ्यः
śrútibhyaḥ
Genitive श्रुतेः / श्रुत्याः²
śrúteḥ / śrútyāḥ²
श्रुत्योः
śrútyoḥ
श्रुतीनाम्
śrútīnām
Locative श्रुतौ / श्रुत्याम्²
śrútau / śrútyām²
श्रुत्योः
śrútyoḥ
श्रुतिषु
śrútiṣu
Notes
  • ¹Less common
  • ²Later Sanskrit

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

श्रुति (śrútif

  1. (compare स्रुति (sruti)) course, path (?)
  2. the constellation, श्रवणा (śravaṇā)
Declension[edit]
Feminine i-stem declension of श्रुति (śrúti)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रुतिः
śrútiḥ
श्रुती
śrútī
श्रुतयः
śrútayaḥ
Vocative श्रुते
śrúte
श्रुती
śrútī
श्रुतयः
śrútayaḥ
Accusative श्रुतिम्
śrútim
श्रुती
śrútī
श्रुतीः
śrútīḥ
Instrumental श्रुत्या
śrútyā
श्रुतिभ्याम्
śrútibhyām
श्रुतिभिः
śrútibhiḥ
Dative श्रुतये / श्रुत्ये¹ / श्रुत्यै²
śrútaye / śrútye¹ / śrútyai²
श्रुतिभ्याम्
śrútibhyām
श्रुतिभ्यः
śrútibhyaḥ
Ablative श्रुतेः / श्रुत्याः²
śrúteḥ / śrútyāḥ²
श्रुतिभ्याम्
śrútibhyām
श्रुतिभ्यः
śrútibhyaḥ
Genitive श्रुतेः / श्रुत्याः²
śrúteḥ / śrútyāḥ²
श्रुत्योः
śrútyoḥ
श्रुतीनाम्
śrútīnām
Locative श्रुतौ / श्रुत्याम्²
śrútau / śrútyām²
श्रुत्योः
śrútyoḥ
श्रुतिषु
śrútiṣu
Notes
  • ¹Less common
  • ²Later Sanskrit

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1101