श्रुति

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew-ti-.

Noun[edit]

श्रुति ‎(śrútif

  1. hearing, listening
    śrutim abhinīyafeigning to hear
    śrutiṃ vaco nugāṃ-√kṛto listen to a speech
  2. ear, organ or power of hearing
  3. the diagonal of a tetragon or hypothenuse of a triangle
  4. that which is heard or perceived with the ear, sound, noise
  5. an aggregate of sounds (whether forming a word or any part of a word)
  6. rumour, report, news, intelligence, hearsay
  7. a saying, saw, word
  8. that which has been heard or communicated from the beginning , sacred knowledge orally transmitted by the Brahmans from generation to generation , the Veda
  9. (music) a particular division of the octave, a quarter tone or interval (twenty-two of these are enumerated, four constituting a major tone, three a minor, and two a semitone; they are said to be personified as nymphs)
  10. name, title
  11. learning, scholarship
Declension[edit]
Feminine i-stem declension of श्रुति
Nom. sg. श्रुतिः ‎(śrutiḥ)
Gen. sg. श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः ‎(śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रुतिः ‎(śrutiḥ) श्रुती ‎(śrutī) श्रुतयः ‎(śrutayaḥ)
Vocative श्रुते ‎(śrute) श्रुती ‎(śrutī) श्रुतयः ‎(śrutayaḥ)
Accusative श्रुतिम् ‎(śrutim) श्रुती ‎(śrutī) श्रुतीः ‎(śrutīḥ)
Instrumental श्रुत्या ‎(śrutyā) श्रुतिभ्याम् ‎(śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभिः ‎(śrutibhiḥ)
Dative श्रुत्यै / श्रुतये ‎(śrutyai / śrutaye) श्रुतिभ्याम् ‎(śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभ्यः ‎(śrutibhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः ‎(śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ) श्रुतिभ्याम् ‎(śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभ्यः ‎(śrutibhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः ‎(śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ) श्रुत्योः ‎(śrutyoḥ) श्रुतीनाम् ‎(śrutīnām)
Locative श्रुत्याम् / श्रुतौ ‎(śrutyām / śrutau) श्रुत्योः ‎(śrutyoḥ) श्रुतिषु ‎(śrutiṣu)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

श्रुति ‎(śrútif

  1. (compare स्रुति ‎(sruti)) course, path (?)
  2. the constellation, श्रवणा ‎(śravaṇā)
Declension[edit]
Feminine i-stem declension of श्रुति
Nom. sg. श्रुतिः ‎(śrutiḥ)
Gen. sg. श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः ‎(śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रुतिः ‎(śrutiḥ) श्रुती ‎(śrutī) श्रुतयः ‎(śrutayaḥ)
Vocative श्रुते ‎(śrute) श्रुती ‎(śrutī) श्रुतयः ‎(śrutayaḥ)
Accusative श्रुतिम् ‎(śrutim) श्रुती ‎(śrutī) श्रुतीः ‎(śrutīḥ)
Instrumental श्रुत्या ‎(śrutyā) श्रुतिभ्याम् ‎(śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभिः ‎(śrutibhiḥ)
Dative श्रुत्यै / श्रुतये ‎(śrutyai / śrutaye) श्रुतिभ्याम् ‎(śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभ्यः ‎(śrutibhyaḥ)
Ablative श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः ‎(śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ) श्रुतिभ्याम् ‎(śrutibhyām) श्रुतिभ्यः ‎(śrutibhyaḥ)
Genitive श्रुत्याः / श्रुतेः ‎(śrutyāḥ / śruteḥ) श्रुत्योः ‎(śrutyoḥ) श्रुतीनाम् ‎(śrutīnām)
Locative श्रुत्याम् / श्रुतौ ‎(śrutyām / śrutau) श्रुत्योः ‎(śrutyoḥ) श्रुतिषु ‎(śrutiṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1101