ปัจจัย

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Pali paccaya (cause; suffix; etc); possibly via Old Khmer pracai, pracaiya ((1) source of livelihood; (2) monetary support; (3) requisites for monastic life, that is, clothing, food, shelter, medicine; etc). Cognate with Modern Khmer បច្ច័យ (bɑccay). Compare Sanskrit प्रत्यय (pratyaya), from which Thai ปัตยัย is derived.

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicปัจจัย
p ạ t͡ɕ t͡ɕ ạ y
Phonemicปัด-ไจ
p ạ ɗ – ai t͡ɕ
[bound form]
ปัด-ไจ-
p ạ ɗ – ai t͡ɕ –
[bound form]
ปัด-ไจ-ยะ-
p ạ ɗ – ai t͡ɕ – y a –
RomanizationPaiboonbpàt-jaibpàt-jai-bpàt-jai-yá-
Royal Institutepat-chaipat-chai-pat-chai-ya-
(standard) IPA(key)/pat̚˨˩.t͡ɕaj˧//pat̚˨˩.t͡ɕaj˧.//pat̚˨˩.t͡ɕaj˧.ja˦˥./

Noun[edit]

ปัจจัย (bpàt-jai)

  1. factor; cause.
  2. way or path (which leads to a certain result); means or method (by which a certain result is achieved).
  3. component; element.
  4. thing required for subsistence or living.
  5. thing required for the carrying out of a certain activity.
  6. (Buddhism) any of the four things required for the living of a priest: (1) clothing, (2) food, (3) shelter, and (4) medicine.
  7. (colloquial) money or monetary support (which is offered to a priest).
  8. (grammar) suffix.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms