ἄρχω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (to begin, rule, command)[1]. Compare Old Armenian արքայ (arkʿay).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ár.kʰɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈar.kʰo/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈar.xo/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈar.xo/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈar.xo/
  • Verb[edit]

    ἄρχω (árkhō)

    1. (transitive) To begin [+genitive = something, from something, with something]
    2. (transitive) To lead, rule, govern, command [+genitive = someone]; [+dative = someone]
    3. (intransitive) To be ruler; to hold an archonship

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots