ἄρχω

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See also: άρχω

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (to begin, rule, command).[1] Alternatively, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs, from *h₃reǵ-.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ἄρχω (árkhō)

  1. (transitive) To begin [+genitive = something, from something, with something]
  2. (transitive) To lead, rule, govern, command [+genitive = someone]; [+dative = someone]
  3. (intransitive) To be ruler; to hold an archonship

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: άρχω (árcho) (learned)

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Watkins, Calvert (1985) The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2011) Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan, 2nd edition, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company