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Japanese Katakana SHI.png
U+30B7, シ
KATAKANA LETTER SI

[U+30B6]
Katakana
[U+30B8]
U+32DB, ㋛
CIRCLED KATAKANA SI

[U+32DA]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+32DC]
U+FF7C, シ
HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER SI

[U+FF7B]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF7D]

Translingual

Symbol

  1. (chiefly in the West) An emoticon representing a smiley face.

Synonyms


Japanese

Stroke order
3 strokes

Pronunciation

Etymology

Simplified in the Heian period from the man'yōgana kanji .

Syllable

(romaji shi)

  1. The katakana syllable (shi). Its equivalent in hiragana is (shi). It is the twelfth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (sa-gyō i-dan, row sa, section i).

Usage notes

Unlike the hiragana system, used for Japanese language words that kanji does not cover, the katakana syllabary is used primarily for transcription of foreign language words into Japanese and the writing of loan words (collectively gairaigo), as well as to represent onomatopoeias, technical and scientific terms, and the names of plants, animals, and minerals. It is also occasionally used colloquially in some words for emphasis. Names of Japanese companies, as well as certain Japanese language words, are also sometimes written in katakana rather than the other systems. Formerly, female given names were written in katakana. [edit]

Derived terms

See also