土砂降り

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
しゃ
Grade: 6
ふ > ぶ
Grade: 6

Etymology[edit]

Compound of 土砂 (dosha, soil and sand) +‎ 降り (furi, falling, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 降る furu, “to fall”, such as rain or other precipitation).[1][2] The furi changes to buri as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

The dosha portion is a metaphor for heavy rain. Compare the English expression to rain cats and dogs, or to rain pitchforks and hammer handles.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

土砂降り (hiragana どしゃぶり, rōmaji doshaburi)

  1. a downpour, pelting rain

Usage notes[edit]

The dosha portion is sometimes spelled in hiragana, as どしゃ降り. Unlike the synonyms, doshaburi is only used in reference to rain, and is not used to describe snowfall.

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN