神酒

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Japanese[edit]

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神酒 (shinshu, miki, miwa): two bottles of sacramental sake used as a Shinto offering.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
しゅ
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Possibly from Middle Chinese compound 神酒 (/ʑiɪn t͡sɨuX/ invalid IPA characters (X), literally god + wine).

Alternatively, coined in Japan of Middle Chinese-derived elements, as a compound of (shin, god, spirit) +‎ (shu, wine, liquor, alcohol).

The individual character readings are kan'on shin + goon shu, suggesting either an innovation in the reading after borrowing, or a Japanese coinage.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

神酒 (hiragana しんしゅ, romaji shinshu)

  1. sacramental sake used in a Shinto ceremony
  2. ambrosia, nectar
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Kojiki of 712 CE. Compound of (mi, honorific prefix used in spiritual contexts) +‎ (ki, wine, liquor, alcohol, ancient root, not found in many words).[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

神酒 (hiragana みき, romaji miki)

  1. sacramental sake used in a Shinto ceremony
  2. ambrosia, nectar
Usage notes[edit]

In Shinto contexts, often prefixed with the honorific o- as 御神酒, 大御酒 (omiki), or ō- “great” as 大神酒 (ōmiki).

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3

Grade: 3
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū of 759 CE. Compound of (mi, honorific prefix used in spiritual contexts) +‎ (wa, a morpheme of uncertain derivation).[1][2][3] The final wa may be related to (awa, bubble) in reference to the bubbles of fermentation (compare 泡盛 (awamori, Okinawan rice-based strong spirits, literally lots of bubbles)), but this is only speculation.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [miɰᵝa̠]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

神酒 (hiragana みわ, romaji miwa)

  1. (obsolete) sacramental sake used in a Shinto ceremony
  2. (obsolete) ambrosia, nectar
Usage notes[edit]

The miwa reading appears to be obsolete.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan