調べる

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
調
しら
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

The seemingly unrelated senses "to investigate" and "to play an instrument" may be due to being a semantic loan from Middle Chinese 調 (MC deuH).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "調べる"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
調べる らべ [shìrábéꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 調べろ らべ [shìrábéꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 調べられる らべられ [shìrábéráréꜜrù]
Causative 調べさせる らべさせ [shìrábésáséꜜrù]
Potential 調べられる らべられ [shìrábéráréꜜrù]
Volitional 調べよう らべよ [shìrábéyóꜜò]
Negative 調べない らべない [shìrábéꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 調べなかった らべなかった [shìrábéꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 調べます らべま [shìrábémáꜜsù]
Perfective 調べた べた [shìráꜜbètà]
Conjunctive 調べて べて [shìráꜜbètè]
Hypothetical conditional 調べれば らべれば [shìrábéꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

調(しら)べる (shiraberutransitive ichidan (stem 調(しら) (shirabe), past 調(しら)べた (shirabeta))

  1. to investigate, to look up, to look into, to study, to examine, to check up on, to look over
    インターネット調(しら)べる
    intānetto de shiraberu
    to investigate using the internet
    (はん)(にん)調(しら)べる
    hannin o shiraberu
    to inquest the criminal
    ()(しょ)調(しら)べる
    jisho de shiraberu
    to look up in a dictionary
  2. to play, to perform (an instrument)
  3. to tune

Conjugation[edit]