굶다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 굶다 (Yale: kwulm-ta). Compare 곯다 (golta), 고프다 (gopeuda).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈku(ː)mt͈a̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gumda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gulmda
McCune–Reischauer?kumta
Yale Romanization?kwūlmta

Verb[edit]

Korean verb set
Base 굶다 (gumda)
Causative굶기다 (gumgida)

굶다 (gumda) (infinitive 굶어, sequential 굶으니)

  1. (transitive) to skip (a meal), to starve, to fast
    굶어 죽다gulmeo jukdato be starved to death
    굶기를 한다 (idiom)
    gumgireul bap meokdeut handa
    to starve frequently
  2. (intransitive or transitive, colloquial, games, gambling) to skip one's turn
  3. (transitive, colloquial) to be starved for sex

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]