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The cuneiform characters Unicode displays by default do not accurately represent the original script. To view the correct characters install the correct fonts at www.hethport.uni-wuerzburg.de.


Cognate with Lycian [script needed] (tbiplẽ, twice (?)), [script needed] (trpplẽ, thrice (?)). According to Kloekhorst, from Proto-Indo-European *pel-: compare Ancient Greek δῐπλός (diplós, double), Latin dūplus (double), Old High German zwifalt (twice).


𒆜𒀸 (KASKAL-ašc

  1. road, path, trail, route
  2. (figuratively) way, behaviour
  3. campaign, military expedition
  4. journey, trip, mission
  5. caravan, transport
  6. occasion, occurrence, time


Broad transcription
Common gender Singular Plural
nominative palšaš palšeš, palšiš
vocative palši, palša
accusative palšan palšuš
genitive palšaš palšaš, palšan
dative-locative palši palšaš
allative palša
ablative palšaz(a) palšaz(a)
instrumental palšit palšit

Usage notes[edit]

The syllabic value of nominal stem was pal(š)-. Rarely, the dative/locative singular is found written without the Sumerogram: 𒁄𒅆 (pal-ši), 𒁄𒊺 (pal-še).

Derived terms[edit]


  • Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 719