𒆜𒀸

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Hittite[edit]

𒆜𒀸
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Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Lycian [script needed] (tbiplẽ, twice (?)), [script needed] (trpplẽ, thrice (?)). According to Kloekhorst, from Proto-Indo-European *pel-: compare Ancient Greek δῐπλός (diplós, double), Latin dūplus (double), Old High German zwifalt (twice).

Noun[edit]

𒆜𒀸 (KASKAL-ašc

  1. road, path, trail, route
  2. (figuratively) way, behaviour
  3. campaign, military expedition
  4. journey, trip, mission
  5. caravan, transport
  6. occasion, occurrence, time

Declension[edit]

Broad transcription
Common gender Singular Plural
nominative palšaš palšeš, palšiš
vocative palši, palša
accusative palšan palšuš
genitive palšaš palšaš, palšan
dative-locative palši palšaš
allative palša
ablative palšaz(a) palšaz(a)
instrumental palšit palšit

Usage notes[edit]

The syllabic value of nominal stem was pal(š)-. Rarely, the dative/locative singular is found written without the Sumerogram: 𒁄𒅆 (pal-ši), 𒁄𒊺 (pal-še).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 719