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Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to grow, become, come into being, appear). Compare fīō (I become).



  1. Used to form some inflected forms of the verbs.
    amō (I love) > amābō (I will love)
    amō (I love) > amābam (I was loving)


It correlates with the conjugation of the present active indicative forms as well as the present active subjunctive forms of the third conjugation:

Original form Derived form 1s 2s 3s 1p 2p 3p
Present active indicative Future active indicative -bō -bis -bit -bimus -bitis -bunt
Present active subjunctive Imperfect active indicative -bam -bās -bat -bāmus -bātis -bant
Present passive indicative Future passive indicative -bor -beris -bitur -bimur -biminī -buntur
Present passive subjunctive Imperfect passive indicative -bar -bāris -bātur -bāmur -bāminī -bantur




  1. Used to form the names of residents or inhabitants of particular places, in particular towns/cities.

See also[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

-bo will work in almost all cases; -are is more common for certain towns/cities. But also in those cases, -bo should be considered valid. Note that in some cases, typically when the name of the location is a compound word, an extra -s- is inserted before -bo. E.g. Stockholmsbo.

-it is even less common, denotes a person with very strong bonds towards the town/city in question; someone who lived there all of his/her life, possibly even with ancestors who lived there too. Only a few towns/cities actually gives rise to commonly used -it-forms, notably Malmö ("Malmöit").

Derived terms[edit]

Category Swedish words suffixed with -bo not found





  1. up against

Related terms[edit]