Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: sti, ști, 'sti, and STI



EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Cognate to Finnish -sti.



  1. Derives adverbs.
    hää "good" → hästi "well"
    uus "new" → uuesti "again"
    kaunis "beautiful" → kaunisti "beautifully"
    kerge "easy" → kergesti "easily"

Derived terms[edit]




-sti (not comparable and comparable; comparative -mmin, superlative -immin)

  1. (multiplicative) Corresponds number + times structure in English.
    kaksi (two)kahdesti (twice)
    kymmenen (ten)kymmenesti (ten times)
    moni (many)monesti (many times)
    usea (many)useasti (often)
  2. (adverbial suffix, comparable) Forms adverbs from adjectives describing the manner in which something is done; corresponds to the English suffix -ly.
    kaunis (beautiful)kauniisti (beautifully)
    ruma (ugly)rumasti (uglily)
  3. (intensifier) Forms intensifying adverbs from certain nouns.
    helvetti (hell)helvetisti (hellishly)
    rutto (plague)rutosti (a lot)
  4. -ist (forms names of occupations from some nouns)
    viulu (violine)viulisti (violinist)
  5. -ist (supporter of an idea)
    rasisti (racist), kommunisti (communist)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (multiplicative) Used only with small numbers, and with some pronouns; note that yksi (one)yhdesti (once) is not standard Finnish (compare kerran).
  • (adverbial suffix) The suffix is appended to the weak stem, i.e. one takes the n off the genitive singular form and adds this suffix to it. The resulting adverb is comparable, if the base word is comparable: for example kauniisti, kauniimmin (more beautifully), kauneimmin (most beautifully). It can be appended to all adjectives, but also to selected nouns and numerals.
  • (adverbial suffix) The -sti adverbs are used to describe the manner that something is done; the other common use in English to instead modify adjectives, such as to describe their extent (tolerably quiet), is usually, but not always, done in Finnish with a genitive structure: siedettävän hiljainen.
  • (intensifier) The suffix is often applied to a vulgar term: perkeleperkeleesti.


  • (expression of how many times something happens): kertaa

Derived terms[edit]

adverbial suffix

See also[edit]