Beil

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See also: béil

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German bīl, bīhel, from Old High German bīhal (whence also Bavarian Beichl),[1] attested (in the form witubil) since the 8th century.

Possibly cognate to Sanskrit परशु (paraśu), though conflated early on with Proto-Germanic *bilją and its descendants (German Bille). (Kluge mentioned that, in his day, a relationship to Bicke / Middle High German bicke (pickaxe) — compare Old English becca (pickaxe) — could not be ruled out.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Beil n (genitive Beils or Beiles, plural Beile, diminutive Beilchen n)

  1. axe, hatchet

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Beil in Duden online

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beil in Kluge's Etymological Dictionary of the German Language, 1891

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German bīl, bīhel, from Old High German bīhal. Compare German Beil, Dutch bijl.

Noun[edit]

Beil n (plural Beile)

  1. hatchet