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From Arabic هِجْرَة ‎(hijra, departure, exodus), used in reference to Muhammad’s flight from Mecca to Medina in 622 ce, from the verb هَجَرَ ‎(hajara, emigrate, to abandon).



  1. The flight of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Yathrib (later Medina) in 622 ce, which forms the first year of the Islamic era (ah 1)
  2. AH: the Islamic era, dated from the Hijra.
    Since the Muslim lunar year contains only 354 days, the year 2005 is approximately equivalent to Hijra 1426.
  3. The Islamic calendar, dated from the Hijra


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