Inuit (plural Inuit or (rare) Inuits)
- plural of
- Inuk (proper singular form, uncommon outside Canada)
- Inuits (somewhat improper plural, rare)
- Skraeling (historical)
- Eskimo (potentially offensive in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, neutral elsewhere)
- Greenlander (Greenland)
- Inupiat, Inupiaq, Iñupiaq, or Inupik (Alaska)
- Inuinnaq (Western Nunavut, Central Arctic Canada)
- Nunatsiavummiut, Labrador Inuit (Nunatsiavut)
- Nunatuĸavummiut, Labrador Metis, Inuit Metis (Nunatuĸavut)
- Nunavummiut (Nunavut)
- Nunavimmiut (Nunavik, Northern Quebec)
- Inuvialuit (Northwest Territories)
- Kalaallit (southwest Greenland)
- Inuktitut, the Inuit language.
- Inupiatun, Inupiak (Alaska)
- Inuvialuktun (Northwest Territories)
- Inuinnaqtun (Western Nunavut, Central Arctic Canada)
- Inuktitut (Nunavut)
- Nunavimmiutitut (Nunavik, Northern Quebec)
- Nunatsiavummiutut, Labradorimiutut, or locally Inuttut (Nunatsiavut, Labrador)
- Greenlandic, Greenlandish, Kalaallisut (Greenland)
- Of or pertaining to Inuit people, language, or culture.
The collective term in English for the northernmost indigenous peoples of North America used to be Eskimo, an exonym that has since declined in usage as greater interaction between both language groups. There is a dialect continuum stretching roughly east-west, Alaska to Greenland, of Inuit language varieties, with neighbouring regions' being mutual intelligible but farther separated groups having less linguistic overlap—vocabulary for shared concepts are usually cognates. Yupik peoples of western Alaska (and small proportion in the islands and coast of Russian Far East) speak languages closely related to those of Inuit but without significant intelligibility (unless learned). Inuit and Yupik languages comprise the family referred to as either Eskimo or Inuit-Yupik.
Inuit is the usual term in Canada (often grouped into western and eastern categories); is accepted as the continental umbrella term in Greenland but not for their of languages or group; and has gained some currency in the United States. However, Eskimo continues to be the prevalent name in Alaska for both the Inuit Inupiat people and the non-Inuit Yupik. Also note that the terms Inuit and Eskimo do not include the related Aleut people (Unangam, see also Eskaleut), nor the other Native (First Nations) peoples of the Arctic.
Many dictionaries do not list Inuits as a plural form. Inuit is usually used as an ethnonym with no singular form (like Chinese). The need to treat Inuit as a singular has been obviated by wider recognition of its etymological singular form Inuk in recent times.
- “Inuit” in the Canadian Oxford Dictionary, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 2004.
- “Inuit”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
- Inuit on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Eskimo on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Inuktitut on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Inuit language on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Inuit (people)
- plural of