Eskimo

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: eskimo

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested since 1584,[1][2] ultimately from an Old Montagnais term. There are two competing theories: Ives Goddard's theory, accepted by more linguists today, that it derives from ayaškimew (snowshoe-netter), and the older theory, defended by John Steckley, that it derives from a term meaning "eater(s) of raw meat".

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛs.kɪ.moʊ/
  • Hyphenation: Es‧kimo

Proper noun[edit]

Eskimo

  1. A group of indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic, from Siberia, through Alaska and Northern Canada, to Greenland, including the Inuit and Yupik.
  2. Any of the languages of the Eskimo.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Eskimo has come to be considered offensive, especially in Canada, because it was widely thought to stem from a Cree pejorative meaning “eaters of raw meat”[9][7][8][4][5] (although both the Cree and Inuit ate raw meat).
  • In Canada, it has been superseded by Inuit (for the peoples, and Inuvialuit for those in the Western Arctic). The term is still used worldwide by historians and archaeologists.
  • In Alaska, indigenous Alaskans find this term too imprecise and prefer "Alaska Native", as "Eskimo" encompasses (and is the only encompassing term for) all the Arctic peoples including the Inuit Inupiat and the non-Inuit Yupik. However, Eskimo does not include the related Aleut people (Unangam).
  • Greenland natives also call themselves Greenlanders or Kalaallit, and their language Greenlandic or Kalaallisut.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • husky (dog)
  • Husky (an Eskimo person; an Eskimo language) (dated)

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

Eskimo (plural Eskimo or Eskimos)

  1. A member of any of the Eskimo peoples.

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Eskimo (comparative more Eskimo, superlative most Eskimo)

  1. Of or relating to the Eskimo peoples.
  2. In, of, or relating to the Eskimo languages.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ in the writings of Richard Hakluyt, in the (now obsolete) spelling Esquimawes (compare French Esquimaux (Eskimos))
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 John Steckley, White Lies about the Inuit (2008)
  3. ^ Ives Goddard, "Synonymy", in Arctic, ed. David Damas, vol. 5 of Handbook of North American Indians (1984), ed. William C. Sturtevant, pages 5–7 (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution); cited in Lyle Campbell, American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America (1997), page 394 (New York: Oxford University Press)
  4. 4.0 4.1 “Setting the Record Straight About Native Languages: What Does "Eskimo" Mean In Cree?”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], Native-languages.org, accessed 2012-06-13
  5. 5.0 5.1 “Eskimo”, in American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition, 2000[2], Bartleby, (Please provide a date or year)
  6. ^ Pamela R. Stern, Historical Dictionary of the Inuit
  7. 7.0 7.1 Jose Mailhot, L'étymologie de «Esquimau» revue et corrigée, Etudes Inuit/Inuit Studies 2-2:59–70 (1978)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Cree Mailing List Digest November 1997
  9. ^ Mark Israel, Eskimo (2012-06-13), archive (2012-04-03)

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French Esquimau; for more, see Eskimo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Eskimo n (plural Eskimo's, diminutive Eskimootje n)

  1. Eskimo (person)

Proper noun[edit]

Eskimo n

  1. the Eskimo language (group)

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

Eskimo m (plural Eskimos)

  1. an Eskimo

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Eskimo m (genitive Eskimo or Eskimos, plural Eskimo or Eskimos)

  1. an Eskimo