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See also: kurd


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Attested in English since roughly 1600,[1][2][3] from Kurdish کورد(kurd)[4] and Classical Persian کرد(kurd), from Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (gurd /⁠kurd⁠/), ultimately of unknown origin. More at Kurds.



Kurd (plural Kurds)

  1. A member of the linguistically and culturally distinct people who speak Kurdish and mainly inhabit those parts of Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria sometimes known as Kurdistan.
    • 1595, Abraham Hartwell, The History of the Warres between the Turkes and the Persians[1], translation of Historia della guerra fra Turchi, et Persiani by Giovanni Tommaso Minadoi:
      Curdi, B[arbarous]. a people which many think to be the Parthians, A[uncient]. But we cannot possiblie thinke them to be so. wherein we agree with Castaldo.
    • 1865, Charles Wells, Mehemet, the Kurd, and Other Tales, from Eastern Sources, page 16:
      Mehemet took her for a man and said, “Good father, I am a Kurd: my story is very curious”
    • 2018 May 8, Sarah El Deeb, “In a new justice system, Kurds put IS on trial eyeing reconciliation”, in Sydney Morning Herald[2]:
      After defeating IS in battle, Syria's Kurds are now eager to show they can bring justice against the group's members.

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  1. ^ Kurd”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present. (1595)
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “Kurd”, in Online Etymology Dictionary. (1610s)
  3. ^ Kurd”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present. (1610-20)
  4. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.




(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)


Proper noun[edit]

Kurd m pers (feminine Kurdyjka)

  1. Kurd


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Further reading[edit]

  • Kurd in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Kurd in Polish dictionaries at PWN