Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/médʰu

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Noun[edit]

*médʰu n

  1. honey
  2. mead, intoxicating drink, sweet drink.

Comment[edit]

The Indo-European word was prehistorically borrowed into Proto-Uralic *mete.[1] Also possibly borrowed into Chinese (from Old Chinese *mit (honey)), perhaps through Tocharian.

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *médʰu
genitive *mdʰéws
singular dual plural
nominative *médʰu *médʰwih₁ *médʰuh₂
vocative *médʰu *médʰwih₁ *médʰuh₂
accusative *médʰu *médʰwih₁ *médʰuh₂
genitive *mdʰéws *? *mdʰéwoHom
ablative *mdʰéws *? *mdʰúmos
dative *mdʰéwey *? *mdʰúmos
locative *mdʰéw, *mdʰéwi *? *mdʰúsu
instrumental *mdʰúh₁ *? *mdʰúbʰi

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Balto-Slavic: *medús
  • Celtic: *medu (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *meduz (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *métʰu
  • Indo-Iranian: *mádʰu (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *ḿət(ə)
    • Tocharian B: mīt
    • → Middle Chinese:
      • Mandarin:
      • → Japanese: (みつ, mitsu)
      • → Okinawan: (みち, michi)
  • → Uralic: *mete (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joki, Aulis J. (1973) Uralier und Indogermanen [Uralians and Indo-Europeans] (Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Toimituksia; 151) (in German), Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, →ISBN