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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Vasmer treats the Russian meanings "to move, to travel" as belonging to an entirely separate homophonous verb, also found in Old Church Slavonic перѫтъ (perǫtŭ, they fly), but this form more correctly stems from the Proto-Slavic verb *pьrati (to fly), and the Russian meanings are colloquial and likely to be extensions of the underlying meaning "to drag".


*pérti impf[1][2][3]

  1. to push, to press
  2. to oppose
    → to quarrel, deny, renounce


  • Intensive derivative: *-pirati

Related terms[edit]

  • *pьrati (to beat, to trample, to wash)
  • *pьrěti (to quarrel, to deny, to renounce)
  • *pertiti (to order, to forbid, to threaten)
  • *pъrtiti (to expire)
  • *portiti (to propel, to send)

Derived terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic:
      • Belarusian: пе́рці (pjérci), 1sg. пру (pru)
      • Russian: пере́ть (perétʹ, to push, to drag; (colloquial) to move, to travel), 1sg. пру (pru), 3sg. прёт (prjot)
      • Ukrainian: пе́рти (pérty), 1sg. пру (pru)

Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max, “пере́ть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language]‎[3] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress, 1964–1973
  • пръ се”, in Duridanov I., Račeva M., Todorov T., editors, Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 5, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1996, page 812


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick, “*perti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN, page 396: “v. (c)”
  2. ^ Snoj, Marko, “-prẹ́ti”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar[1], Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, 2016, →ISBN: “*pérti”
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas, “perti: pьrǫ pьretь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list[2], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander, 2001: “c låse, lukke (SA 203, 235, 251; PR 139)”