spurn

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See also: Spurn

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English spurnen, spornen, from Old English spurnan (to strike against, kick, spurn, reject; stumble)[1], from Proto-Germanic *spurnaną (to tread, kick, knock out), from Proto-Indo-European *sper-, *sperw- (to twitch, push, fidget, be quick). Cognate with Scots spurn (to strike, push, kick), German spornen (to spur on), Icelandic sporna, spyrna (to kick), Latin spernō (despise, distain, scorn). Related to spur and spread.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

spurn (third-person singular simple present spurns, present participle spurning, simple past and past participle spurned)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To reject disdainfully; contemn; scorn.
  2. (transitive) To reject something by pushing it away with the foot.
  3. (transitive) To waste; fail to make the most of (an opportunity)
    • 2011 September 28, Tom Rostance, “Arsenal 2 - 1 Olympiakos”, in BBC Sport[2]:
      Marouane Chamakh then spurned a great chance to kill the game off when he ran onto Andrey Arshavin's lofted through ball but shanked his shot horribly across the face of goal.
  4. (intransitive, obsolete) To kick or toss up the heels.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

spurn (plural spurns)

  1. An act of spurning; a scornful rejection.
  2. A kick; a blow with the foot.
  3. (obsolete) Disdainful rejection; contemptuous treatment.
  4. (mining) A body of coal left to sustain an overhanging mass.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021) , “spurn”, in Online Etymology Dictionary

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

spurn f (genitive singular spurnar, nominative plural spurnir)

  1. Used in set phrases
    Ég hafði spurnir af Ara.
    I received news of Ari.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A back-formation from spurnen.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spurn

  1. (rare) A stumbling; a collapse.
  2. (rare) A strike or blow using one's feet.
Descendants[edit]
  • English: spurn
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

spurn

  1. Alternative form of spurnen