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From Proto-Indo-European *sper-. Confer with Latin spurius, parcus, spargō, spurcus, Ancient Greek σπείρω ‎(speírō), English spurn, spread, spare.



spernō ‎(present infinitive spernere, perfect active sprēvī, supine sprētum); third conjugation

  1. I sever, separate, remove
  2. I despise, reject, scorn, spurn


   Conjugation of sperno (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spernō spernis spernit spernimus spernitis spernunt
imperfect spernēbam spernēbās spernēbat spernēbāmus spernēbātis spernēbant
future spernam spernēs spernet spernēmus spernētis spernent
perfect sprēvī sprēvistī sprēvit sprēvimus sprēvistis sprēvērunt, sprēvēre
pluperfect sprēveram sprēverās sprēverat sprēverāmus sprēverātis sprēverant
future perfect sprēverō sprēveris sprēverit sprēverimus sprēveritis sprēverint
passive present spernor sperneris, spernere spernitur spernimur sperniminī spernuntur
imperfect spernēbar spernēbāris, spernēbāre spernēbātur spernēbāmur spernēbāminī spernēbantur
future spernar spernēris, spernēre spernētur spernēmur spernēminī spernentur
perfect sprētus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sprētus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sprētus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spernam spernās spernat spernāmus spernātis spernant
imperfect spernerem spernerēs sperneret spernerēmus spernerētis spernerent
perfect sprēverim sprēverīs sprēverit sprēverīmus sprēverītis sprēverint
pluperfect sprēvissem sprēvissēs sprēvisset sprēvissēmus sprēvissētis sprēvissent
passive present spernar spernāris, spernāre spernātur spernāmur spernāminī spernantur
imperfect spernerer spernerēris, spernerēre spernerētur spernerēmur spernerēminī spernerentur
perfect sprētus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sprētus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sperne spernite
future spernitō spernitō spernitōte spernuntō
passive present spernere sperniminī
future spernitor spernitor spernuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives spernere sprēvisse sprētūrus esse spernī sprētus esse sprētum īrī
participles spernēns sprētūrus sprētus spernendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
spernere spernendī spernendō spernendum sprētum sprētū


  • sperno” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.