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See also: Spargo




  1. first-person singular present indicative of spargere




From Proto-Indo-European *(s)pregʰ- (to scatter, to jerk), see also spurcus, Old Irish arg (a drop), Lithuanian sprogti (a bud, a shoot), Northern Sami sprygg (active, brisk), Old Norse freknur (speckles) (whence English freckle), Avestan 𐬟𐬭𐬀-𐬯𐬞𐬀𐬭𐬈𐬔𐬀(fra-sparega, twig, branch, something jerked off of a tree), Sanskrit पर्जन्य (parjanya, rain god, rain). See also spernō and Ancient Greek σπείρω (speírō).



spargō (present infinitive spargere, perfect active sparsī, supine sparsum); third conjugation

  1. I scatter, strew, sprinkle
    ara castis vincta verbenis avet immolato spargier agno
    The altar decorated with fresh foliage yearns to be sprinkled with [blood from] a sacrificed lamb. (Horace, Odes IV, 8)


   Conjugation of spargō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spargō spargis spargit spargimus spargitis spargunt
imperfect spargēbam spargēbās spargēbat spargēbāmus spargēbātis spargēbant
future spargam spargēs sparget spargēmus spargētis spargent
perfect sparsī sparsistī sparsit sparsimus sparsistis sparsērunt,
pluperfect sparseram sparserās sparserat sparserāmus sparserātis sparserant
future perfect sparserō sparseris sparserit sparserimus sparseritis sparserint
passive present spargor spargeris,
spargitur spargimur spargiminī sparguntur
imperfect spargēbar spargēbāris,
spargēbātur spargēbāmur spargēbāminī spargēbantur
future spargar spargēris,
spargētur spargēmur spargēminī spargentur
perfect sparsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sparsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sparsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present spargam spargās spargat spargāmus spargātis spargant
imperfect spargerem spargerēs spargeret spargerēmus spargerētis spargerent
perfect sparserim sparserīs sparserit sparserīmus sparserītis sparserint
pluperfect sparsissem sparsissēs sparsisset sparsissēmus sparsissētis sparsissent
passive present spargar spargāris,
spargātur spargāmur spargāminī spargantur
imperfect spargerer spargerēris,
spargerētur spargerēmur spargerēminī spargerentur
perfect sparsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sparsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sparge spargite
future spargitō spargitō spargitōte sparguntō
passive present spargere spargiminī
future spargitor spargitor sparguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives spargere sparsisse sparsūrum esse spargī,
sparsum esse sparsum īrī
participles spargēns sparsūrus sparsus spargendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
spargendī spargendō spargendum spargendō sparsum sparsū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested.



  • spargo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spargo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spargo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • spargo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to spread a rumour: rumorem spargere
    • to sow: serere; semen spargere