Samstag

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German sameztac, samztac, from Old High German sambaztag (Sabbath day), from Gothic *𐍃𐌰𐌼𐌱𐌰𐍄𐍉 (*sambatō), from Byzantine Greek σάμβατον (sámbaton, Sabbath) (compare French samedi, Old French sambedi, Romansch somda, Romanian sâmbătă, Hungarian szombat).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈzamstʰaːk/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈzamstʰax/ (northern and central Germany; chiefly colloquial)
  • IPA(key): /ˈsamʃtʰaːk/ (south-western Germany and Switzerland; dialect)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Samstag m (genitive Samstags or Samstages, plural Samstage)

  1. (now dominant except in former East Germany) Saturday

Usage notes[edit]

Samstag is the only common word for “Saturday” in western Germany, southern Germany, Austria, and Switzerland (in standard usage). See Sonnabend for information on this (declining) synonym.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (eastern and, traditionally, northern Germany): Sonnabend

Hypernyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]