Spiegel

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See also: spiegel

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Spiegel

Proper noun[edit]

Spiegel

  1. A surname​.

German[edit]

Spiegel (sense 1)
Spiegel of a deer (sense 5.3)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German spiegel, from Old High German spiegal or spēgal, from Medieval Latin speglum, from Latin speculum. Cognate with Dutch spiegel.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃpiːɡ(ə)l/
  • (Germany)
    (file)
  • (Austria)
    (file)

Noun[edit]

Spiegel m (genitive Spiegels, plural Spiegel, diminutive Spiegelchen n or Spieglein n)

  1. mirror (smooth surface, usually made of glass with reflective material painted on the underside, that reflects light)
    • 1812, Brüder Grimm, Sneewittchen:
      [] Sie hatte auch einen Spiegel, vor den trat sie alle Morgen und fragte: / „Spieglein, Spieglein an der Wand: / wer ist die schönste Frau in dem ganzen Land?“ []
    Sie hatte einen großen Spiegel.She had a large mirror.
  2. level (of a liquid)
    Synonyms: Pegel, Konzentration
    Meeresspiegelsea level
    Alkoholspiegel(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  3. surface (flat overside or up-side of a liquid)
    Synonym: Wasseroberfläche
  4. schematic overview, table (two-dimensional presentation of data)
    Synonym: Tabelle
    Notenspiegel(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Gehaltsspiegel(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  5. white or light-coloured mark (on an animal)
    1. on the forehead of horses and cattle
      Das Pony hatte einen hübsch geformten Spiegel auf der Stirn.
      The pony had a nicely shaped mark on the forehead.
    2. on the wing of a goose, capercaillie, or black cock
    3. on the hindquarters of deer

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “Spiegel”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]