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See also: spiegel


Alternative forms[edit]


From German Spiegel.

Proper noun[edit]

Spiegel (plural Spiegels)

  1. A surname from German.


Spiegel (sense 1)
Spiegel of a deer (sense 5.3)


From Middle High German spiegel, from Old High German spiegal or spēgal, from Medieval Latin speclum, from Latin speculum. Cognate with German Low German Spegel, Dutch spiegel[1], Hunsrik Spieghel.


  • IPA(key): /ˈʃpiːɡ(ə)l/
  • (Germany)
  • (Austria)


Spiegel m (strong, genitive Spiegels, plural Spiegel, diminutive Spiegelchen n or Spieglein n)

  1. mirror (smooth surface, usually made of glass with reflective material painted on the underside, that reflects light)
    • 1812, Brüder Grimm, Schneewittchen[1]:
      [] Sie hatte auch einen Spiegel, vor den trat sie alle Morgen und fragte: / „Spieglein, Spieglein an der Wand: / wer ist die schönste Frau in dem ganzen Land?“
      She had a Mirror before which she came every morning. She'd ask: Mirror, Mirror, on the wall, who is the fairest Woman in the entire land?"
    Sie hatte einen großen Spiegel.She had a large mirror.
  2. level (of a liquid)
    Synonyms: Pegel, Konzentration
    Meeresspiegelsea level
    Alkoholspiegelalcohol level (amount in blood, for example)
  3. surface (flat overside or up-side of a liquid)
    Synonym: Wasseroberfläche
  4. schematic overview, table (two-dimensional presentation of data)
    Synonym: Tabelle
    Notenspiegeltranscript (as in a set of notes that mirrors the conversation)
    Gehaltsspiegelsalary tables (pay levels)
  5. white or light-coloured mark (on an animal)
    1. on the forehead of horses and cattle
      Das Pony hatte einen hübsch geformten Spiegel auf der Stirn.
      The pony had a nicely shaped mark on the forehead.
    2. on the wing of a goose, capercaillie, or black cock
    3. on the hindquarters of deer


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  1. ^ Friedrich Kluge (1989), “Spiegel”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological Dictionary of the German Language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]