Template:cs-conj-pros-it

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Usage[edit]

A template for displaying conjugation forms of Czech verbs of the pattern prosit.

Parameters[edit]

Parameter Meaning Note
1 base of the verb without the ending -it and without the last two letters of the base, for example pr for prosit, or povzb for povzbudit Can be omitted, if the word is too short for all three parameters, such as udit, see the example below.
2 the second letter from the end of the base of the verb, for example o for pr-o-s-it. Enables e. g. to shorten the letter in some imperatives, for example the imperative of chránit is chraň and to decide whether the imperative has the ending -i (ovlivnit --> ovlivni) or not. See the examples below.
3 the last letter (exceptionally two letters) of the base of the verb, for example s for pr-o-s-it. Enables e. g. to decide whether the passive or present transgressive ending containts -e- or -ě-, such as věznit --> passive vězněn. It also enables to change the last letter of the base in some some passive forms, like prosit --> passive prošen. Sometimes two letters st or zd can be filled, e. g. filling st in zjistit (zj|i|st) results in the passive zjištěn. See examples below.
aspect generates the note about future tense, which depends on the aspect of the verb and decides whether present or past transgressives are shown Possible values:
  • the default value is perfective, so for perfective verbs it can be left out
  • "imperfective" (or alternatively "imperfect", "impf", "imp" or "i") for imperfective verbs
  • "pf-impf" (or alternatively "p-i" or "pi") – for verbs which can have both aspects
im 2s imperative 2nd person singular needed only if different from automatically generated form. If filled, generates automatically also 1st and 2nd person plural imperatives
im col colloquial form of the 2nd person singular imperative If filled generates automatically also colloquial forms of the 1st and 2nd person plural imperatives.
past alternative form of the past participle can be filled if it is different than the automatically generated form
past2 another alternative form of the past participle can be filled if it exists
pass It can prevent the passive to be shown or alternative form of the passive can be filled The value "no" causes that no passives are filled if the verb does not have passive forms. Another option is to fill in a passive form if the verb has a different form of passive than the automatically generated one.
pass2 another alternative form of the passive participle
pass ns passive neutral singular The value "yes" enables to show passive neutral singular form of the verb in cases when the verb does not form other passive voice forms, which are disabled by the parameter "pass".
pass ns2 alternative passive neutral singular For practical usage see hrozit
tr1 pres masculine present transgressive, usually not necessary to fill for imperfective verbs which form it simply by adding -e or (fills automatically).
tr2 pres feminine present transgressive, usually not necessary to fill for imperfective verbs which form it simply by adding -íc (fills automatically); generates plural present transgressive too
tr past masculine past transgressive, usually not necessary to fill for perfective verbs which form it simply by adding -iv; generates feminine and plural past transgressives too

Examples[edit]

For the verb prosit

The letter s changes into š in passive forms automatically, Imperfective aspect needs to be indicated.

{{cs-conj-pros-it|pr|o|s|aspect=i}}

Result:


For the verb překazit

The letter z changes into ž in passive forms automatically. Perfective aspect does not have to be indicated.

{{cs-conj-pros-it|přek|a|z}}

Result:


For the verb pročistit

Adding -st- into the third parameter results in passives with -št-. Parameter "im 2s2" (=imperative 2nd person singular, 2nd form), adds alternative passives, including the plural ones. (If needed, parameters "im 1p2" and "im 2p2" can be used too).

{{cs-conj-pros-it|proč|i|st|im 2s2=pročisti|pass2=pročistěn}}

Result:


For the verb vyhlásit

Adding the parameter "im col" adds a colloquial version of the imperative.

{{cs-conj-pros-it|vyhl|á|s|im col=vyhlaš}}

Result:


For the verb jezdit

Adding -zd- into the third parameter results in passives with -žd-, parameter pass2 can show also the alternative version with -zd- if it exists.

{{cs-conj-pros-it|j|e|zd|pass2=jezděn|aspect=i}}

Result:


For the verb hyzdit

If the letters zd are divided into the second and third parameter, they stay the same.

{{cs-conj-pros-it|hy|z|d|aspect=i}}

Result:


For the verb oloupit

Filling the 2nd parameter with -ou- enables to display the imperative corectly for verbs like koupit or oloupit.

{{cs-conj-pros-it|ol|ou|p}}

Result:


For the verb drtit

Adding the parameter "im 2s" (=imperative 2nd person singular) enables to show different imperative than the automatically generated (which would be non-existing *drti in this case).

{{cs-conj-pros-it|d|r|t|im 2s=drť|aspect=i}}

Result:


For the verb udit

Sometimes the verb is too short to fill all the first three parameters. In such a case the first parameter is left empty.

{{cs-conj-pros-it||u|d|aspect=i}}

Result:


For the verb lišit

If the verb has no passive forms, the passive can be disabled by setting the parameter "pass" to "no":

{{cs-conj-pros-it|l|i|š|pass=no|aspect=i}}

Result:


For the verb souhlasit

If the verb has no passive forms with the exception of neuter singular, the passive can be generally disabled and passive neuter singular enabled:

{{cs-conj-pros-it|souhl|a|s|pass=no|pass ns=yes|aspect=i}}

Result: