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From Middle English, ablucioun (“cleansing of impurities”), from Old French ablution, and its source, Late Latin ablūtiō (“a washing away”), from abluō (“wash away”), from ab (“away”) + luō (“wash”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /əˈbluː.ʃn̩/
- (US) IPA(key): /əˈblu.ʃn̩/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -uːʃən
- The act of washing something.
- (chemistry) Originally, the purifying of oils and other substances by emulsification with hot water; now more generally, a thorough cleansing of a precipitate or other non-dissolved substance. [First attested from around 1350 to 1470.]
- The act of washing or cleansing the body, or some part of it, as a religious rite. [From mid 16th century.]
- 1786, William Beckford, Vathek; an Arabian Tale:
- Let water be brought to perform my ablutions, and let the pious Fakreddin be called to offer up his prayers with mine.
- (literary or humorous, usually in the plural) Washing oneself; bathing, cleaning oneself up. [From mid 18th century.]
- (Western Christianity) The rinsing of the priest's hand and the sacred vessel following the Communion with, depending on rite, water or a mix of it and wine, which may then be drunk by the priest. [from 17th c.]
- The liquid used in the cleansing or ablution. [From early 18th century.]
- (Eastern Orthodoxy) The ritual consumption by the deacon or priest of leftover sacred wine of host after the Communion.
- (plural only, Britain, military) The location or building where the showers and basins are located. [From mid 20th century.]
▼ English terms derived from the PIE root *lewh₃- (0 c, 32 e)
the act of washing or cleansing
the water used in cleansing
Roman Catholic Church: a small quantity of wine and water
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
- ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 , →ISBN), page 3
- “ablution” in Lesley Brown, editor, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 5-6.
ablution f (plural ablutions)
- (Western Christianity) Ritual rinsing of the priest's hand; ablution.
- (rare) A washing, especially ritual.
- The various other meanings of the word are usually only used in the plural.
- “ablution” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).