First attested in 1657.
- Perhaps from Latin abnegō (“to refuse, reject”) from ab (“away from”) + negō (“to deny”),
- Alternatively, perhaps a back-formation from abnegation.
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.nɪ.ɡeɪt/, /ˈæb.ni.ɡeɪt/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈæb.nɪ.ɡeɪt/
Audio (US) (file)
- (transitive) To deny (oneself something); to renounce or give up (a right, a power, a claim, a privilege, a convenience). [First attested in the early 17th century.]
1898 December 10, “Asbell v. State”, in The Pacific Reporter, volume 55, page 339:
- To compel a state, upon theories of doubtful statutory interpretation, to appear as defendant suitor in its own courts, and to litigate with private parties as to whether it had abnegated its sovereignty of exemption, would be intolerable.
1875 January 1, Brownson's Quarterly Review, page 20:
- All ancient and modern histories of nations abnegate God.
- (transitive) To relinquish; to surrender; to abjure. [First attested in the mid 18th century.]
to deny oneself something
to reject, to deny
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
- ^ “abnegate” in Christine A. Lindberg, editor, The Oxford College Dictionary, 2nd edition, New York, N.Y.: Spark Publishing, 2002, ISBN 978-1-4114-0500-4, page 3..
- “abnegate” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-19-860457-0, page 6.
- ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 , ISBN 0550142304), page 3
- ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 , ISBN 0-87779-101-5), page 4