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First attested in 1657.



abnegate (third-person singular simple present abnegates, present participle abnegating, simple past and past participle abnegated)

  1. (transitive) To deny (oneself something); to renounce or give up (a right, a power, a claim, a privilege, a convenience). [First attested in the early 17th century.][2]
    • 1898 December 10, “Asbell v. State”, in The Pacific Reporter, volume 55, page 339:
      To compel a state, upon theories of doubtful statutory interpretation, to appear as defendant suitor in its own courts, and to litigate with private parties as to whether it had abnegated its sovereignty of exemption, would be intolerable.
    • 1875 January 1, Brownson's Quarterly Review, page 20:
      All ancient and modern histories of nations abnegate God.
  2. (transitive) To relinquish; to surrender; to abjure. [First attested in the mid 18th century.][2]

Related terms[edit]


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  1. ^ Christine A. Lindberg, editor (2002), “abnegate”, in The Oxford College Dictionary, 2nd edition, New York, N.Y.: Spark Publishing, →ISBN, page 3..
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “abnegate”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 6.
  3. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], →ISBN), page 3
  4. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN), page 4




  1. second-person plural present active imperative of abnegō