absolute state

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Calque of Latin status absolūtus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.səˌlut steɪt/, /ˌæb.səˈljut steɪt/

Noun[edit]

absolute state (plural absolute states)

  1. (grammar) In Semitic languages, the condition of a noun not being grammatically linked to another noun – where it would use the construct state[1]
    1. (rare) to sum the indeterminate state and the determinate state in one term
    2. to denote the only state not construct state as in the binary state system of Ugaritic
    3. denotes the indeterminate state in Aramaic, even though it also has a determinate state called emphatic state
    4. denotes an infrequent endingless state in Akkadian used for predicative sentences, adverbially used nouns and vocative expressions (in which cases Arabic would use the accusative case), contrasting with the governed state and the construct state
  2. (grammar) In Egyptian, including Coptic, a form of a verb necessitated by its regimen if this does not require the nominal state or pronominal state
  3. (grammar) In Berber languages, an unmarked form of a noun roughly corresponding in usage to the absolutive of ergative languages, distinguished from the annexed state, but varying in usage cases per specific language

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], ISBN 0-87779-101-5), page 6