affondare

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Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin or Vulgar Latin *affundāre, from Latin fundus (bottom). Compare Portuguese afundar, Romanian afunda, Old French afonder.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /af.fonˈda.re/
  • Rhymes: -are
  • Hyphenation: af‧fon‧dà‧re

Verb[edit]

affondare

  1. (transitive) to sink (to submerge into a liquid; to cause to be submerged into a liquid)
    Synonym: sommergere
  2. (transitive) to sink, to dig, to plunge
    Synonym: immergere
    affondò avidamente i denti nella carnehe greedily sank his teeth in the meat
  3. (transitive, uncommon, literally and figuratively) To deepen by digging.
    • 1882, Renato Fucini, “Dolci ricordi”, in Le veglie di Neri: paesi e figure della campagna toscana, page 157:
      "Tieni" mi disse, parlando rado ed affondandomi ad ogni parola un solco nell'anima.
      "Here" he said to me, talking sparsely and deepening a scar in my soul with each word.
  4. (intransitive, auxiliary essere) to sink, to founder
    la nave affondò in pochi minutithe ship sank after a few minutes
  5. (intransitive, figuratively, auxiliary essere) to sink (to be overwhelmed)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  • affondare in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana