apis

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See also: APIs and Apis

Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

apis

  1. plural of api

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

apis

  1. prison

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

apis (a bee)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain.[1] Possibly borrowed from a reduced Semitic form *aj,[2] ultimately from Ancient Egyptian /ˁfj/ ‘bee’.[3] Phonetically impossible is any connection with Proto-Indo-European *bʰi- which gave instead fūcus ‘drone’. Other theories speculate an Osco-Umbrian loan from an original *akuis (sharp, stinging) (e.g. Latin aqui- (sharp) in aquifolius, aquilinus); however, even though the Osco-Umbrian reflex of Proto-Indo-European labiovelar */kʷ/ that gives Latin <qu> is regularly /p/, an Oscan akrid ‘sharply’[4] makes this doubtful. Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *a(m)p-i- (stinging insect; bee), related to German Imme (bee; swarm of bees), Old English imbe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

apis f (genitive apis); third declension

  1. A bee.
    • 2 CE, Ovid, Ars Amatoria 1.95
      aut ut apēs saltusque suos et olentia nactae / pascua per flōrēs et thyma summa volant
      or as the bees, when they have found plants to plunder of their honey, hover hither and thither among the thyme and the flowers

Inflection[edit]

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
nominative apis apēs
genitive apis apium
dative apī apibus
accusative apem apēs
ablative ape apibus
vocative apis apēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 47.
  2. ^ Linus Brunner, Die gemeinsamen Wurzeln des semitischen und indogermanischen Wortschatzes: Versuch einer Etymologie (Bern/Munich: Francke Verlag, 1969), n. 42.
  3. ^ Theo Vennemann, “Germania Semitica: Biene und Imme: Mit einem Anhang zu lat. apis”, Sprachwissenschaft 23 (1998): 471–87.
  4. ^ de Vaan, EDLIL, 2008, 22.
  • apis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • apis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “apis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • apis” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • apis in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • apis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • apis in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • apis in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly