arna

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See also: -arna, aRNA, Arna, árna, Árna, and -árna

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(beehive): arna

Probably from Proto-Celtic *arona (“ring” or “wheel”) due to these structures first being built in a cylindrical form from woven wood or vegetation.

Noun[edit]

arna f (plural arnes)

  1. beehive
    Synonyms: buc, casera, rusc
  2. Synonym of arnot
Holonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown origin, but possibly cognate to Basque arr (worm, insect).

Noun[edit]

arna f (plural arnes)

  1. moth
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly the same origin as Etymology 2 above, but also possibly by refactoring of sarna (scabies) as s’ + arna.

Noun[edit]

arna f (plural arnes)

  1. (Mallorca) dandruff
    Synonym: caspa

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown; probably from a a pre-Roman substrate of Iberia and possibly a cognate with Catalan arna (beehive).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arna f (plural arnas)

  1. bark (the exterior covering of the trunk of a tree, notably when thick and old)
    Synonyms: arneca, arnela, casca, cortiza
  2. a round, large section of bark

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

arna

  1. indefinite genitive plural of örn

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ar (on, upon) + a (his, her, their).

Preposition[edit]

arna

  1. Only used in arna mhárach

Contraction[edit]

arna

  1. used with a verbal noun to indicate completion of an action and its direct object
    ‘upon his/its’ / ‘when he/it’ (triggers lenition):
    arna shailleadhupon its being salted, when it had been salted
    ‘upon her/its’ / ‘when she/it’ (triggers h-prothesis):
    arna hinsintupon its being told, when it had been told
    ‘upon their’ / ‘when they’ (triggers eclipsis):
    arna ndearbhú i gcruatanupon their being tested in hardship, when they were tested in hardship
  2. used to form the equivalent of a past participle that agrees with a third-person subject
    masculine singular agreement triggers lenition:
    arna chur in eagar agedited by
    (of something masculine)
    feminine singular agreement triggers h-prothesis:
    arna hoscailt(being) opened
    (of something feminine)
    plural agreement triggers eclipsis:
    arna bhfoilsiú agpublished by
    (of something plural)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "arna" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “arna” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “arna” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arna f (plural arnas)

  1. moth

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

arna

  1. first-person singular of ar