auss

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Latvian[edit]

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 Auss on Latvian Wikipedia

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Auss

Etymology[edit]

A 6th-declension stem based on an earlier plural form ausì, from Proto-Baltic *aus-, from Proto-Indo-European *ōws-, *us- (< *h₂ṓws) “ear.” From Proto-Baltic, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ows-. Cognates include Lithuanian ausìs, Old Prussian, ausins (accusative plural), Old Church Slavonic ухо ‎(uxo), Russian ухо ‎(úxo), Belarusian вуха ‎(vúxa), Ukrainian вухо ‎(vúxo), Czech, Polish ucho, Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐍃𐍉 ‎(ausō) (< Proto-Germanic *ausan-, Old High German ōra, German Ohr, Avestan uši ‎(uši) “both ears mind, reason,” Ancient Greek οὖς ‎(oûs), Latin auris (< *ausis).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

auss f (6th declension)

  1. (anatomy) ear (the organ of hearing)
    ārējā, iekšējā auss — outer, inner ear
    pakasīt aiz auss — to scratch behind the ear
    spalvainas ausis — hairy ears
    ausu ārstsear doctor
    auss ejaear canal
    auss iekaisumsear infection
    nedzirdīgas, kurlas ausis — deaf ears
    saberzēt nosalušas ausis — to rub (one's) ice-cold ears
    ausīs džinkst, dūc, zvana, dun, šalc, rūc, šņāc — (one's) ears are buzzing, whizzing, ringing
    mūsu auss skaņas svārstības uztver tikai no 15 līdz 20000 hercu intervālā — our ear's sound perception range covers an interval of only 15 to 20000 Hertz
    suns aprimst kaukt un aizdomīgi paceļ ausis — the dog stopped howling and suspiciously raised his ears
  2. (figuratively) an individual human being
    slēpt ko no ziņkārām ausīm — to hide something from curious ears
  3. ear (the capacity to hear; understanding, awareness of what one hears)
    labas ausis — good ears (= hearing)
    vājas ausis — weak, poor ears (= hearing)
    nē, es redzu: jūsu ausim mani vārdi ir tukša skaņa — no, I see: to your ears my words are empty sounds
  4. (usually plural) ears (elongated, protruding lateral parts of certain objects)
    nolaist cepures ausis — to let down (one's) hat ears
    būrtnīca ar ausīm — a notebook with ears
    durvīs parādās večuks... ziemas cepures ausis nokarājas uz abām pusēm kā dažkārt zaķim — an old man showed up at the door... the ears of his winter hat were hanging on both sides as bunny ears sometimes do

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “auss” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7