auss

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See also: auß and auß-

Latvian[edit]

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 auss on Latvian Wikipedia
Auss

Etymology[edit]

A 6th-declension stem based on an earlier plural form ausì, from Proto-Baltic *aus-, from Proto-Indo-European *ōws-, *us- (< *h₂ṓws) “ear.” From Proto-Baltic, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ows-. Cognates include Lithuanian ausìs, Old Prussian, ausins (accusative plural), Old Church Slavonic ухо(uxo), Russian ухо(úxo), Belarusian вуха(vúxa), Ukrainian вухо(vúxo), Czech, Polish ucho, Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐍃𐍉(ausō) (< Proto-Germanic *ausan-, Old High German ōra, German Ohr, Avestan uši(uši) “both ears mind, reason,” Ancient Greek οὖς(oûs), Latin auris (< *ausis).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

auss f (6th declension)

  1. (anatomy) ear (the organ of hearing)
    ārējā, iekšējā auss‎ ― outer, inner ear
    pakasīt aiz auss‎ ― to scratch behind the ear
    spalvainas ausis‎ ― hairy ears
    ausu ārsts‎ ― ear doctor
    auss eja‎ ― ear canal
    auss iekaisums‎ ― ear infection
    nedzirdīgas, kurlas ausis‎ ― deaf ears
    saberzēt nosalušas ausis'‎ ― to rub (one's) ice-cold ears
    ausīs džinkst, dūc, zvana, dun, šalc, rūc, šņāc‎ ― (one's) ears are buzzing, whizzing, ringing
    mūsu auss skaņas svārstības uztver tikai no 15 līdz 20000 hercu intervālā‎ ― our ear's sound perception range covers an interval of only 15 to 20000 Hertz
    suns aprimst kaukt un aizdomīgi paceļ ausis‎ ― the dog stopped howling and suspiciously raised his ears
  2. (figuratively) an individual human being
    slēpt ko no ziņkārām ausīm‎ ― to hide something from curious ears
  3. ear (the capacity to hear; understanding, awareness of what one hears)
    labas ausis‎ ― good ears (= hearing)
    vājas ausis‎ ― weak, poor ears (= hearing)
    nē, es redzu: jūsu ausim mani vārdi ir tukša skaņa‎ ― no, I see: to your ears my words are empty sounds
  4. (usually plural) ears (elongated, protruding lateral parts of certain objects)
    nolaist cepures ausis‎ ― to let down (one's) hat ears
    būrtnīca ar ausīm‎ ― a notebook with ears
    durvīs parādās večuks... ziemas cepures ausis nokarājas uz abām pusēm kā dažkārt zaķim‎ ― an old man showed up at the door... the ears of his winter hat were hanging on both sides as bunny ears sometimes do

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “auss”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7